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Chronic exposure to cigarette smoke condensate in vitro induces epithelial to mesenchymal transition-like changes in human bronchial epithelial cells, BEAS-2B


Veljkovic, E; Jiricny, J; Menigatti, M; Rehrauer, H; Han, W (2011). Chronic exposure to cigarette smoke condensate in vitro induces epithelial to mesenchymal transition-like changes in human bronchial epithelial cells, BEAS-2B. Toxicology in Vitro, 25(2):446-453.

Abstract

Cigarette smoke causes lung tumorigenesis; however, the mechanisms underlying transformation are unknown. We investigated if tobacco compounds induce DNA promoter hypermethylation in BEAS-2B cells treated with low doses of cigarette smoke condensate (CSC) for one month. Transcriptional profiles and anchorage-independent growth were explored using Affymetrix microarray and soft agar assay, respectively. To investigate if tobacco compounds induce hypermethylation, CSC/dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO)-treated cells were further treated with 5-Aza-2'-deoxycytidine (5AzaC) and trychostatin A (TSA). This treatment was followed by transcriptional profiling. CSC-exposed cells acquired a fibroblast-like shape with enhanced anchorage-independent growth. Silencing of epithelial cadherin, the hallmark of epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT), was observed upon exposure to CSC. Changes in the expression of genes involved in epidermal development, intercellular junction formation, and cytoskeleton formation were identified. Gene expression profiles from 5AzaC- and TSA-treated cells revealed 130 genes possibly methylated due to chronic CSC exposure. Our results suggest that E-cadherin may also be silenced by hypermethylation in an in vitro model of chronic exposure to low doses of CSC. This study demonstrates evidence for a tobacco compound induced EMT-like process in vitro and provides insight into possible mechanisms of gene silencing occurring during this treatment.

Cigarette smoke causes lung tumorigenesis; however, the mechanisms underlying transformation are unknown. We investigated if tobacco compounds induce DNA promoter hypermethylation in BEAS-2B cells treated with low doses of cigarette smoke condensate (CSC) for one month. Transcriptional profiles and anchorage-independent growth were explored using Affymetrix microarray and soft agar assay, respectively. To investigate if tobacco compounds induce hypermethylation, CSC/dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO)-treated cells were further treated with 5-Aza-2'-deoxycytidine (5AzaC) and trychostatin A (TSA). This treatment was followed by transcriptional profiling. CSC-exposed cells acquired a fibroblast-like shape with enhanced anchorage-independent growth. Silencing of epithelial cadherin, the hallmark of epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT), was observed upon exposure to CSC. Changes in the expression of genes involved in epidermal development, intercellular junction formation, and cytoskeleton formation were identified. Gene expression profiles from 5AzaC- and TSA-treated cells revealed 130 genes possibly methylated due to chronic CSC exposure. Our results suggest that E-cadherin may also be silenced by hypermethylation in an in vitro model of chronic exposure to low doses of CSC. This study demonstrates evidence for a tobacco compound induced EMT-like process in vitro and provides insight into possible mechanisms of gene silencing occurring during this treatment.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research

04 Faculty of Medicine > Functional Genomics Center Zurich
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2011
Deposited On:27 Jan 2011 14:39
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 14:39
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0887-2333
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tiv.2010.11.011
PubMed ID:21095227

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