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Osterhoff, G; Ossendorf, C; Wanner, G A; Simmen, H P; Werner, C M L (2011). Percutaneous iliosacral screw fixation in S1 and S2 for posterior pelvic ring injuries: technique and perioperative complications. Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery, 131(6):809-813.

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Percutaneous iliosacral screw placement allows for minimally invasive fixation of posterior pelvic ring instabilities. The objective of this study was to describe the technique for screws in S1 and S2 using conventional C-arm and to evaluate perioperative complications. METHODS: Thirty-eight consecutive patients after percutaneous pelvic ring fixation with cannulated screws in S1 and S2 using conventional C-arm fluoroscopy were analysed. Accuracy of screw placement, nerval lesions, need for second surgery, operation time, and time to full weight bearing were assessed postoperatively and during regular follow-up examinations. RESULTS: Twenty-one patients underwent unilateral screw fixation and 17 patients underwent bilateral screw fixation. In total, 83 screws were placed. Mean age of the patients was 52 ± 19 years. Mean operation time was 16 ± 7 min/screw. Mean follow-up was 5 ± 3 months. Time to full weight bearing in 28 patients was 9 ± 4 weeks. Eight patients were still not able to support full weight bearing, partially due to concomitant injuries. Patients without concomitant injuries that affected walking were able to bear full weight after 8 ± 4 weeks (n = 17). Two patients had persistent postoperative hypaesthesia. No motor weakness was apparent and no postoperative bleeding was observed. Secondary surgery due to screw malpositioning or loosening had to be performed in four patients. The presence of a screw in S2 was not indicated for perioperative complications. CONCLUSIONS: Percutaneous iliosacral screw fixation is a rapid and definitive treatment for posterior pelvic ring injuries with a low risk of secondary bleeding during posterior pelvic stabilization. The technique using standard C-arm fluoroscopy was also found to be safe for screws placed in S2.

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Trauma Surgery
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Division of Surgical Research
DDC:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2011
Deposited On:28 Jan 2011 15:42
Last Modified:28 Nov 2013 00:36
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0936-8051
Publisher DOI:10.1007/s00402-010-1230-0
PubMed ID:21188399
Citations:Web of Science®. Times Cited: 8
Google Scholar™
Scopus®. Citation Count: 9

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