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Infectious port complications are more frequent in younger patients with hematologic malignancies than in solid tumor patients


Samaras, P; Dold, S; Braun, J; Kestenholz, P; Breitenstein, S; Imhof, A; Renner, C; Stenner-Liewen, F; Pestalozzi, B C (2008). Infectious port complications are more frequent in younger patients with hematologic malignancies than in solid tumor patients. Oncology, 74(3-4):237-244.

Abstract

Background: We assessed longevity and complications of totally implantable venous access devices in oncology patients. Methods: 197 patients received a total of 201 port devices via the subclavian vein for delivery of chemotherapy between January 1, 2005, and December 31, 2006. We reviewed the patient charts for port-related complications and risk factors until July 31, 2007. Results:A total of 47,781 catheter days were analyzed (median, 175 days; range, 1-831). Forty-six different complications occurred (0.96 complications/1,000 catheter days). The only risk factor significantly associated with a higher complication rate was younger age. Older patients had a lower risk for developing complications with a risk reduction of 2.4% for each year. There were no differences regarding underlying tumor, gender, access side, method of placement (subclavian/cephalic vein) or implanting team (thoracic versus visceral surgery). A trend was seen for shorter port longevity in hematologic patients compared to oncologic patients (p = 0.059). The former developed significantly more port-associated infections than solid tumor patients [11/53 cases (21%) versus 2/148 cases (1.4%); p < 0.0001]. Conclusions: Port-associated infections were mostly observed in younger patients with hematologic neoplasms. Prospective trials should be performed to evaluate the benefit of a prophylactic antimicrobial lock in these selected patients.

Background: We assessed longevity and complications of totally implantable venous access devices in oncology patients. Methods: 197 patients received a total of 201 port devices via the subclavian vein for delivery of chemotherapy between January 1, 2005, and December 31, 2006. We reviewed the patient charts for port-related complications and risk factors until July 31, 2007. Results:A total of 47,781 catheter days were analyzed (median, 175 days; range, 1-831). Forty-six different complications occurred (0.96 complications/1,000 catheter days). The only risk factor significantly associated with a higher complication rate was younger age. Older patients had a lower risk for developing complications with a risk reduction of 2.4% for each year. There were no differences regarding underlying tumor, gender, access side, method of placement (subclavian/cephalic vein) or implanting team (thoracic versus visceral surgery). A trend was seen for shorter port longevity in hematologic patients compared to oncologic patients (p = 0.059). The former developed significantly more port-associated infections than solid tumor patients [11/53 cases (21%) versus 2/148 cases (1.4%); p < 0.0001]. Conclusions: Port-associated infections were mostly observed in younger patients with hematologic neoplasms. Prospective trials should be performed to evaluate the benefit of a prophylactic antimicrobial lock in these selected patients.

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28 citations in Web of Science®
26 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute (EBPI)
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Hematology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2008
Deposited On:06 Nov 2008 08:05
Last Modified:10 Jul 2016 09:18
Publisher:Karger
ISSN:0030-2414
Publisher DOI:10.1159/000151393
PubMed ID:18716418
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-4393

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