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How should we manage atherogenic dyslipidemia in women with polycystic ovary syndrome?


Rizzo, M; Berneis, K; Carmina, E; Rini, G B (2008). How should we manage atherogenic dyslipidemia in women with polycystic ovary syndrome? American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 198(1):28.e1-28.e5.

Abstract

Despite their young age, women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) have increased cardiovascular risk. Besides normal concentrations of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, dyslipidemia is very common and includes elevated triglyceride levels and low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol concentrations. Recent findings also showed that women with PCOS have qualitative LDL alterations, with increased levels of atherogenic small, dense LDL particles. Such lipid abnormalities constitute a common form of dyslipidemia, the so-called atherogenic lipoprotein phenotype (ALP), associated with a greater cardiovascular risk. Weight reduction and increased physical activity may constitute first-line therapy for ALP in PCOS, and lipid lowering drugs, particularly nicotinic acid and fibrates, should be used in patients with severe dyslipidemia. Statins have usually a lower impact on ALP, and their beneficial effect is often moderate. Insulin-sensitizing medications favorably alter each component of ALP and combined therapy with these agents remains an option; in particular, the combination pioglitazone plus metformin seems to be particularly beneficial.

Despite their young age, women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) have increased cardiovascular risk. Besides normal concentrations of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, dyslipidemia is very common and includes elevated triglyceride levels and low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol concentrations. Recent findings also showed that women with PCOS have qualitative LDL alterations, with increased levels of atherogenic small, dense LDL particles. Such lipid abnormalities constitute a common form of dyslipidemia, the so-called atherogenic lipoprotein phenotype (ALP), associated with a greater cardiovascular risk. Weight reduction and increased physical activity may constitute first-line therapy for ALP in PCOS, and lipid lowering drugs, particularly nicotinic acid and fibrates, should be used in patients with severe dyslipidemia. Statins have usually a lower impact on ALP, and their beneficial effect is often moderate. Insulin-sensitizing medications favorably alter each component of ALP and combined therapy with these agents remains an option; in particular, the combination pioglitazone plus metformin seems to be particularly beneficial.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Endocrinology and Diabetology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:January 2008
Deposited On:31 Oct 2008 10:26
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:30
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0002-9378
Publisher DOI:10.1016/j.ajog.2007.09.014
PubMed ID:18166299
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-4409

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