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Early Homo from Dmanisi and its relationship to African and Asian Homo erectus


Zollikofer, C P; Ponce de Leon, M S (2008). Early Homo from Dmanisi and its relationship to African and Asian Homo erectus. In: Indriati, E. Recent Advances on Southeast Asian Paleoanthropology and Archaeology. Jakarta: Indonesia Laboratory of bioanthropology and paleoanthropology 2008, 61-69.

Abstract

The Plio-Pleistocene site of Dmanisi (Georgia) has yielded an exceptionally well-preserved and morphologically diverse sample of cranial and postcranial remains of early Homo within a rich archeological and faunal context. This unique ensemble offers new comparative perspectives on the origin and dispersal of our own genus in Africa and Asia. Here we ask how patterns of morphological diversity within the
Dmanisi paleopopulation, and between Dmanisi and African/Asian H. erectus, are related to processes of hominin phylogeography. Variation in size and shape within
the Dmanisi sample is considerable and, like in modern human populations, a large proportion of it can be related to variation in basic developmental processes. This perspective has several implications for the interpretation of H.erectus sensu lato: (1)at its lower (Plio-Pleistocene) boundary, separation from early Homo (cf. habilis)becomes increasingly difficult; (2) during the Pleistocene, links between Dmanisi and East Asian forms are probably closer than with Africa; (3) at its upper boundary
(Pleisto-Holocene), H. floresiensis is plausible as a paedomorphic dwarf from.

The Plio-Pleistocene site of Dmanisi (Georgia) has yielded an exceptionally well-preserved and morphologically diverse sample of cranial and postcranial remains of early Homo within a rich archeological and faunal context. This unique ensemble offers new comparative perspectives on the origin and dispersal of our own genus in Africa and Asia. Here we ask how patterns of morphological diversity within the
Dmanisi paleopopulation, and between Dmanisi and African/Asian H. erectus, are related to processes of hominin phylogeography. Variation in size and shape within
the Dmanisi sample is considerable and, like in modern human populations, a large proportion of it can be related to variation in basic developmental processes. This perspective has several implications for the interpretation of H.erectus sensu lato: (1)at its lower (Plio-Pleistocene) boundary, separation from early Homo (cf. habilis)becomes increasingly difficult; (2) during the Pleistocene, links between Dmanisi and East Asian forms are probably closer than with Africa; (3) at its upper boundary
(Pleisto-Holocene), H. floresiensis is plausible as a paedomorphic dwarf from.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Book Section, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Anthropology
Dewey Decimal Classification:300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology
Language:English
Date:2008
Deposited On:02 Dec 2008 13:55
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:30
Publisher:Indonesia Laboratory of bioanthropology and paleoanthropology 2008
Additional Information:Proceedings of the International Seminar on Southeast Asian Paleoanthropology
Permanent URL: https://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-4420

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