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The corporate governance of Benedictine abbeys: What can stock corporations learn from monasteries?


Rost, Katja; Inauen, Emil; Osterloh, Margit; Frey, Bruno S (2010). The corporate governance of Benedictine abbeys: What can stock corporations learn from monasteries? Journal of Management History, 16(1):90-115.

Abstract

Purpose – The governance structure of monasteries is analyzed to gain new insights and apply them to solve agency problems of modern corporations. In a historic analysis of crises and closures we ask, if Benedictine monasteries were and are capable of solving agency problems. The analysis shows that monasteries established basic governance instruments very early and therefore were able to survive for centuries.
Design/methodology/approach – We use a dataset of all Benedictine abbeys that ever existed in Bavaria, Baden-Württemberg and German-speaking Switzerland to determine their lifespan and the reasons for closures. The governance mechanisms are analyzed in detail. Finally we draw conclusions relevant to the modern corporation. The theoretical foundations are based upon principal agency
theory, psychological economics, as well as embeddedness theory.
Findings – The monasteries that were examined show an average lifetime of almost 500 years and only a quarter of them dissolved as a result of agency problems. We argue that this success is due to an appropriate governance structure that relies strongly on internal control mechanisms.
Research limitations/implications – Benedictine monasteries and stock corporations differ fundamentally regarding their goals. Additional limitations of the monastic approach are the tendency to promote groupthink, the danger of dictatorship and the life long commitment.
Practical implications – The paper adds new insights into the corporate governance debate designed to solve current agency problems and facilitate better control.
Originality/value – By analyzing monasteries, a new approach is offered to understand the efficiency of internal behavioral incentives and their combination with external control mechanisms in corporate governance.

Purpose – The governance structure of monasteries is analyzed to gain new insights and apply them to solve agency problems of modern corporations. In a historic analysis of crises and closures we ask, if Benedictine monasteries were and are capable of solving agency problems. The analysis shows that monasteries established basic governance instruments very early and therefore were able to survive for centuries.
Design/methodology/approach – We use a dataset of all Benedictine abbeys that ever existed in Bavaria, Baden-Württemberg and German-speaking Switzerland to determine their lifespan and the reasons for closures. The governance mechanisms are analyzed in detail. Finally we draw conclusions relevant to the modern corporation. The theoretical foundations are based upon principal agency
theory, psychological economics, as well as embeddedness theory.
Findings – The monasteries that were examined show an average lifetime of almost 500 years and only a quarter of them dissolved as a result of agency problems. We argue that this success is due to an appropriate governance structure that relies strongly on internal control mechanisms.
Research limitations/implications – Benedictine monasteries and stock corporations differ fundamentally regarding their goals. Additional limitations of the monastic approach are the tendency to promote groupthink, the danger of dictatorship and the life long commitment.
Practical implications – The paper adds new insights into the corporate governance debate designed to solve current agency problems and facilitate better control.
Originality/value – By analyzing monasteries, a new approach is offered to understand the efficiency of internal behavioral incentives and their combination with external control mechanisms in corporate governance.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:03 Faculty of Economics > Department of Economics
Dewey Decimal Classification:330 Economics
Language:English
Date:2010
Deposited On:01 Feb 2011 15:02
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 14:41
Publisher:Emerald
ISSN:1751-1348
Publisher DOI:10.1108/17511341011008331
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-44213

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