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One-dimensional barrier-preserving free-energy projections of a beta-sheet miniprotein: new insights into the folding process.


Krivov, S V; Muff, S; Caflisch, A; Karplus, M (2008). One-dimensional barrier-preserving free-energy projections of a beta-sheet miniprotein: new insights into the folding process. Journal of Physical Chemistry. B, 112(29):8701-8714.

Abstract

The conformational space of a 20-residue three-stranded antiparallel beta-sheet peptide (double hairpin) was sampled by equilibrium folding/unfolding molecular dynamics simulations for a total of 20 micros. The resulting one-dimensional free-energy profiles (FEPs) provide a detailed description of the free-energy basins and barriers for the folding reaction. The similarity of the FEPs obtained using the probability of folding before unfolding (pfold) or the mean first passage time supports the robustness of the procedure. The folded state and the most populated free-energy basins in the denatured state are described by the one-dimensional FEPs, which avoid the overlap of states present in the usual one- or two-dimensional projections. Within the denatured state, a basin with fluctuating helical conformations and a heterogeneous entropic state are populated near the melting temperature at about 11% and 33%, respectively. Folding pathways from the helical basin or enthalpic traps (with only one of the two hairpins formed) reach the native state through the entropic state, which is on-pathway and is separated by a low barrier from the folded state. A simplified equilibrium kinetic network based on the FEPs shows the complexity of the folding reaction and indicates, as augmented by additional analyses, that the basins in the denatured state are connected primarily by the native state. The overall folding kinetics shows single-exponential behavior because barriers between the non-native basins and the folded state have similar heights.

The conformational space of a 20-residue three-stranded antiparallel beta-sheet peptide (double hairpin) was sampled by equilibrium folding/unfolding molecular dynamics simulations for a total of 20 micros. The resulting one-dimensional free-energy profiles (FEPs) provide a detailed description of the free-energy basins and barriers for the folding reaction. The similarity of the FEPs obtained using the probability of folding before unfolding (pfold) or the mean first passage time supports the robustness of the procedure. The folded state and the most populated free-energy basins in the denatured state are described by the one-dimensional FEPs, which avoid the overlap of states present in the usual one- or two-dimensional projections. Within the denatured state, a basin with fluctuating helical conformations and a heterogeneous entropic state are populated near the melting temperature at about 11% and 33%, respectively. Folding pathways from the helical basin or enthalpic traps (with only one of the two hairpins formed) reach the native state through the entropic state, which is on-pathway and is separated by a low barrier from the folded state. A simplified equilibrium kinetic network based on the FEPs shows the complexity of the folding reaction and indicates, as augmented by additional analyses, that the basins in the denatured state are connected primarily by the native state. The overall folding kinetics shows single-exponential behavior because barriers between the non-native basins and the folded state have similar heights.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Biochemistry
07 Faculty of Science > Department of Biochemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:1 July 2008
Deposited On:24 Oct 2008 12:04
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:30
Publisher:American Chemical Society
ISSN:1520-5207
Publisher DOI:10.1021/jp711864r
Official URL:http://pubs.acs.org/cgi-bin/abstract.cgi/jpcbfk/2008/112/i29/abs/jp711864r.html
PubMed ID:18590307
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-4460

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