UZH-Logo

Aversive stimuli lead to differential amygdala activation and connectivity patterns depending on catechol-O-methyltransferase Val158Met genotype


Rasch, B; Spalek, K; Buholzer, S; Luechinger, R; Boesiger, P; de Quervain, D J F; Papassotiropoulos, A (2010). Aversive stimuli lead to differential amygdala activation and connectivity patterns depending on catechol-O-methyltransferase Val158Met genotype. NeuroImage, 52(4):1712-1719.

Abstract

The functional Val158Met polymorphism in the gene coding for the catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT), the major enzyme degrading the catecholaminergic neurotransmitters dopamine, norepinephrine, and epinephrine, has been associated with differential reactivity in limbic and prefrontal brain areas in response to aversive stimuli. However, studies on COMT-genotype effects on activity of the amygdala, a brain region centrally involved in affective processing, have yielded inconsistent results. Here we investigated the impact of the COMT Val158Met polymorphism on amygdala activity and connectivity during processing of emotional and neutral pictures using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in 56 healthy participants. Homozygosity for the low-activity Met allele was positively correlated with increased activation in the right amygdala in response to unpleasant, but not pleasant pictures. In addition, the Met allele exerted an additive effect on the positive connectivity between the right amygdala and orbitofrontal regions. Our results support previous reports of a COMT-genotype-dependent difference in amygdala responsivity as well as connectivity, and highlight the importance of naturally occurring genetic variations in the catecholaminergic system for neural activity underlying affective processing.

The functional Val158Met polymorphism in the gene coding for the catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT), the major enzyme degrading the catecholaminergic neurotransmitters dopamine, norepinephrine, and epinephrine, has been associated with differential reactivity in limbic and prefrontal brain areas in response to aversive stimuli. However, studies on COMT-genotype effects on activity of the amygdala, a brain region centrally involved in affective processing, have yielded inconsistent results. Here we investigated the impact of the COMT Val158Met polymorphism on amygdala activity and connectivity during processing of emotional and neutral pictures using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in 56 healthy participants. Homozygosity for the low-activity Met allele was positively correlated with increased activation in the right amygdala in response to unpleasant, but not pleasant pictures. In addition, the Met allele exerted an additive effect on the positive connectivity between the right amygdala and orbitofrontal regions. Our results support previous reports of a COMT-genotype-dependent difference in amygdala responsivity as well as connectivity, and highlight the importance of naturally occurring genetic variations in the catecholaminergic system for neural activity underlying affective processing.

Citations

30 citations in Web of Science®
30 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

1 download since deposited on 15 Feb 2011
0 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Integrative Human Physiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Biomedical Engineering
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
170 Ethics
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2010
Deposited On:15 Feb 2011 10:29
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 14:45
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1053-8119
Publisher DOI:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2010.05.054
PubMed ID:20510373
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-45302

Download

[img]
Filetype: PDF - Registered users only
Size: 611kB
View at publisher

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations