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Postconditioning with a volatile anaesthetic in alveolar epithelial cells in vitro


Yue, T; et al; Blumenthal, S (2008). Postconditioning with a volatile anaesthetic in alveolar epithelial cells in vitro. European Respiratory Journal, 31(1):118-125.

Abstract

Acute lung injury is a common complication in critically ill patients. The present study examined possible immunomodulating effects of the volatile anaesthetic sevoflurane on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated alveolar epithelial cells (AEC) in vitro. Sevoflurane was applied after the onset of injury, simulating a "postconditioning" scenario. Rat AEC were stimulated with LPS for 2 h, followed by a 4-h co-exposure to a CO(2)/air mixture with sevoflurane 2.2 volume %; control cells were exposed to the CO(2)/air mixture only. Cytokine-induced neutrophil chemoattractant-1, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, intercellular adhesion molecule-1, as well as the potential protective mediators inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS)2 and heat shock protein (HSP)-32, were analysed. Additionally, functional assays (chemotaxis, adherence and cytotoxicity assay) were performed. A significant reduction of inflammatory mediators in LPS-stimulated, sevoflurane-exposed AEC was found, leading to reduced chemotaxis, neutrophil adherence and neutrophil-induced AEC killing. While iNOS2 was increased in the sevoflurane group, blocking experiments with iNOS2 inhibitor did not affect sevoflurane-induced decrease of inflammatory mediators and AEC killing. Interestingly, sevoflurane treatment also resulted in an enhanced expression of HSP-32. The data presented in the current study provide strong evidence that anaesthetic postconditioning with sevoflurane mediates cytoprotection in the respiratory compartment in an in vitro model of acute lung injury.

Acute lung injury is a common complication in critically ill patients. The present study examined possible immunomodulating effects of the volatile anaesthetic sevoflurane on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated alveolar epithelial cells (AEC) in vitro. Sevoflurane was applied after the onset of injury, simulating a "postconditioning" scenario. Rat AEC were stimulated with LPS for 2 h, followed by a 4-h co-exposure to a CO(2)/air mixture with sevoflurane 2.2 volume %; control cells were exposed to the CO(2)/air mixture only. Cytokine-induced neutrophil chemoattractant-1, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, intercellular adhesion molecule-1, as well as the potential protective mediators inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS)2 and heat shock protein (HSP)-32, were analysed. Additionally, functional assays (chemotaxis, adherence and cytotoxicity assay) were performed. A significant reduction of inflammatory mediators in LPS-stimulated, sevoflurane-exposed AEC was found, leading to reduced chemotaxis, neutrophil adherence and neutrophil-induced AEC killing. While iNOS2 was increased in the sevoflurane group, blocking experiments with iNOS2 inhibitor did not affect sevoflurane-induced decrease of inflammatory mediators and AEC killing. Interestingly, sevoflurane treatment also resulted in an enhanced expression of HSP-32. The data presented in the current study provide strong evidence that anaesthetic postconditioning with sevoflurane mediates cytoprotection in the respiratory compartment in an in vitro model of acute lung injury.

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24 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Integrative Human Physiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Anesthesiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Physiology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Physiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:January 2008
Deposited On:24 Oct 2008 09:08
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:30
Publisher:European Respiratory Society
ISSN:0903-1936
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:10.1183/09031936.00046307
Official URL:http://erj.ersjournals.com/cgi/content/full/31/1/118?maxtoshow=&HITS=10&hits=10&RESULTFORMAT=&author1=yue&searchid=1&FIRSTINDEX=0&sortspec=relevance&volume=31&resourcetype=HWCIT
PubMed ID:17898018
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-4532

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