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A novel monoclonal antibody immunoassay for the detection of human serum hepcidin


Schwarz, P; Strnad, P; von Figura, G; Janetzko, A; Krayenbühl, P; Adler, G; Kulaksiz, H (2011). A novel monoclonal antibody immunoassay for the detection of human serum hepcidin. Journal of Gastroenterology, 46(5):648-656.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Hepcidin is a liver-derived peptide hormone regulating iron metabolism. Changes in the expression of hepcidin are known to be the key pathogenic factors in hereditary hemochromatosis and are associated with infection and inflammation. To better understand the hormone's function in human disease, we aimed to establish an immunoassay to determine hepcidin concentrations in serum. METHODS: Monoclonal antibodies mHK(8) and mHK(9) were generated and characterized by dot blot, Western blot, and immunofluorescence. A competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was established with mHK(9). RESULTS: Both antibodies recognized hepcidin, by dot blot and Western blot, respectively. In human liver, mHK(8)/(9) showed an immunofluorescence staining pattern in hepatocytes identical to that of established prohepcidin antibodies. The developed immunoassay with mHK(9), reliably detecting mature hepcidin in serum over a large concentration range (0.9-140 ng ml(-1)), showed high sensitivity and precision (intra-/interassay coefficients of variation: 4-5 and 7-11%; mean linearity: 85-112%; mean recovery: 87-114%). To test the clinical functionality of the developed assay we measured hepcidin serum concentrations in healthy volunteers, hepatitis C virus (HCV) patients, and two groups of hemochromatotic patients undergoing phlebotomy. The assay distinguished low hepcidin level in HCV and homozygous hemochromatosis patients from normal-range controls and compound heterozygous hemochromatosis patients. In healthy subjects and HCV patients, hepcidin levels were correlated with iron and transferrin saturation; no correlation was observed in the hemochromatotic patients. CONCLUSION: We developed a monoclonal antibody ELISA that quantifies serum hepcidin levels with high sensitivity, robustness, and reliability of detection. The hepcidin ELISA should help to enhance our understanding of hepcidin-related human disorders.

BACKGROUND: Hepcidin is a liver-derived peptide hormone regulating iron metabolism. Changes in the expression of hepcidin are known to be the key pathogenic factors in hereditary hemochromatosis and are associated with infection and inflammation. To better understand the hormone's function in human disease, we aimed to establish an immunoassay to determine hepcidin concentrations in serum. METHODS: Monoclonal antibodies mHK(8) and mHK(9) were generated and characterized by dot blot, Western blot, and immunofluorescence. A competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was established with mHK(9). RESULTS: Both antibodies recognized hepcidin, by dot blot and Western blot, respectively. In human liver, mHK(8)/(9) showed an immunofluorescence staining pattern in hepatocytes identical to that of established prohepcidin antibodies. The developed immunoassay with mHK(9), reliably detecting mature hepcidin in serum over a large concentration range (0.9-140 ng ml(-1)), showed high sensitivity and precision (intra-/interassay coefficients of variation: 4-5 and 7-11%; mean linearity: 85-112%; mean recovery: 87-114%). To test the clinical functionality of the developed assay we measured hepcidin serum concentrations in healthy volunteers, hepatitis C virus (HCV) patients, and two groups of hemochromatotic patients undergoing phlebotomy. The assay distinguished low hepcidin level in HCV and homozygous hemochromatosis patients from normal-range controls and compound heterozygous hemochromatosis patients. In healthy subjects and HCV patients, hepcidin levels were correlated with iron and transferrin saturation; no correlation was observed in the hemochromatotic patients. CONCLUSION: We developed a monoclonal antibody ELISA that quantifies serum hepcidin levels with high sensitivity, robustness, and reliability of detection. The hepcidin ELISA should help to enhance our understanding of hepcidin-related human disorders.

Citations

17 citations in Web of Science®
20 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic and Policlinic for Internal Medicine
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2011
Deposited On:17 Feb 2011 15:15
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 14:48
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0944-1174
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00535-010-0344-z
PubMed ID:21136275

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