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A highly stable rhenium-cobalt system for photocatalytic H(2) production: unraveling the performance-limiting steps


Probst, B; Rodenberg, A; Guttentag, M; Hamm, P; Alberto, R (2010). A highly stable rhenium-cobalt system for photocatalytic H(2) production: unraveling the performance-limiting steps. Inorganic Chemistry, 49(14):6453-6460.

Abstract

Increased long-term performance was found for photocatalytic H(2) production in a homogeneous combination of [Re(NCS)(CO)(3)bipy] (1; bipy = 2,2'-bipyridine), [Co(dmgH)(2)] (dmgH(2) = dimethylglyoxime), triethanolamine (TEOA), and [HTEOA][BF(4)] in N,N-dimethylformamide, achieving TON(Re) up to 6000 (H/Re). The system proceeded by reductive quenching of *1 by TEOA, followed by fast (k(1) = 1.3 x 10(8) M(-1) s(-1)) electron transfer to [Co(II)(dmgH)(2)] and subsequent protonation (K(2)) and elimination (k(3), second-order process in cobalt) of H(2). Observed quantum yields were up to approximately 90% (H produced per absorbed photon). The type of acid had a substantial effect on the long-term stability. A decomposition pathway involving cobalt is limiting the long-term performance. Time-resolved infrared (IR) spectroscopy confirmed that photooxidized TEOA generates a second reducing equivalent, which can be transferred to 1 (70%, k(2e)(-) = 3.3 x 10(8) M(-1) s(-1)) if no [Co(II)(dmgH)(2)] is present.

Increased long-term performance was found for photocatalytic H(2) production in a homogeneous combination of [Re(NCS)(CO)(3)bipy] (1; bipy = 2,2'-bipyridine), [Co(dmgH)(2)] (dmgH(2) = dimethylglyoxime), triethanolamine (TEOA), and [HTEOA][BF(4)] in N,N-dimethylformamide, achieving TON(Re) up to 6000 (H/Re). The system proceeded by reductive quenching of *1 by TEOA, followed by fast (k(1) = 1.3 x 10(8) M(-1) s(-1)) electron transfer to [Co(II)(dmgH)(2)] and subsequent protonation (K(2)) and elimination (k(3), second-order process in cobalt) of H(2). Observed quantum yields were up to approximately 90% (H produced per absorbed photon). The type of acid had a substantial effect on the long-term stability. A decomposition pathway involving cobalt is limiting the long-term performance. Time-resolved infrared (IR) spectroscopy confirmed that photooxidized TEOA generates a second reducing equivalent, which can be transferred to 1 (70%, k(2e)(-) = 3.3 x 10(8) M(-1) s(-1)) if no [Co(II)(dmgH)(2)] is present.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:540 Chemistry
Language:English
Date:2010
Deposited On:23 Feb 2011 17:05
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 14:48
Publisher:American Chemical Society
ISSN:0020-1669
Funders:Swiss National Science Foundation
Publisher DOI:10.1021/ic100036v
PubMed ID:20553017
Other Identification Number:ISI:000279621200030

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