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Endoleaks after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair: detection with dual-energy dual-source CT.


Stolzmann, P; Frauenfelder, T; Pfammatter, T; Peter, N; Scheffel, H; Lachat, M; Schmidt, B; Marincek, B; Alkadhi, H; Schertler, T (2008). Endoleaks after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair: detection with dual-energy dual-source CT. Radiology, 249(2):682-691.

Abstract

PURPOSE: To assess the diagnostic performance of dual-energy dual-source computed tomography (CT) in the detection of endoleaks after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was local ethics board approved, and written informed consent was obtained from all patients. One hundred eighteen patients (21 women, 97 men; mean age, 74 years +/- 8 [standard deviation]) underwent follow-up dual-energy dual-source CT during the nonenhanced, arterial, and delayed phases after AAA repair. Delayed phase CT images were acquired in the dual-energy mode for reconstruction of virtual nonenhanced images. Two blinded and independent readers evaluated the data for the presence or absence of endoleaks during three reading sessions: Standard nonenhanced, arterial phase, and delayed phase images were read during session A; virtual nonenhanced, arterial phase, and delayed phase images, during session B; and virtual nonenhanced and delayed phase images, during session C. Sensitivity, specificity, negative predictive value (NPV), and positive predictive value (PPV) were calculated, with the session A image data set as the reference standard. Radiation dose parameters were estimated. RESULTS: Reading session A revealed that 52 (44%) of 118 patients had endoleaks. Overall sensitivity, specificity, NPV, and PPV for CT endoleak detection during sessions B and C were identical: 100%, 97%, 100%, and 96%, respectively. The accuracy of the session B and session C readings was not significantly different from that of the session A reading (P = .50). The effective radiation dose in the image acquisition protocol involving one dual-energy scan was significantly (P < .001) lower than the effective doses in the protocols involving standard triple-phase scanning (mean difference, 61%) and standard nonenhanced and delayed phase scanning (mean difference, 41%). CONCLUSION: Compared with standard protocols, one dual-energy dual-source CT scan performed during the delayed phase with reconstruction of virtual nonenhanced images enables detection of endoleaks after endovascular AAA repair with high accuracy and a considerably lower radiation dose.

PURPOSE: To assess the diagnostic performance of dual-energy dual-source computed tomography (CT) in the detection of endoleaks after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was local ethics board approved, and written informed consent was obtained from all patients. One hundred eighteen patients (21 women, 97 men; mean age, 74 years +/- 8 [standard deviation]) underwent follow-up dual-energy dual-source CT during the nonenhanced, arterial, and delayed phases after AAA repair. Delayed phase CT images were acquired in the dual-energy mode for reconstruction of virtual nonenhanced images. Two blinded and independent readers evaluated the data for the presence or absence of endoleaks during three reading sessions: Standard nonenhanced, arterial phase, and delayed phase images were read during session A; virtual nonenhanced, arterial phase, and delayed phase images, during session B; and virtual nonenhanced and delayed phase images, during session C. Sensitivity, specificity, negative predictive value (NPV), and positive predictive value (PPV) were calculated, with the session A image data set as the reference standard. Radiation dose parameters were estimated. RESULTS: Reading session A revealed that 52 (44%) of 118 patients had endoleaks. Overall sensitivity, specificity, NPV, and PPV for CT endoleak detection during sessions B and C were identical: 100%, 97%, 100%, and 96%, respectively. The accuracy of the session B and session C readings was not significantly different from that of the session A reading (P = .50). The effective radiation dose in the image acquisition protocol involving one dual-energy scan was significantly (P < .001) lower than the effective doses in the protocols involving standard triple-phase scanning (mean difference, 61%) and standard nonenhanced and delayed phase scanning (mean difference, 41%). CONCLUSION: Compared with standard protocols, one dual-energy dual-source CT scan performed during the delayed phase with reconstruction of virtual nonenhanced images enables detection of endoleaks after endovascular AAA repair with high accuracy and a considerably lower radiation dose.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:9 September 2008
Deposited On:03 Nov 2008 16:07
Last Modified:13 Sep 2016 07:29
Publisher:Radiological Society of North America
ISSN:0033-8419
Publisher DOI:10.1148/radiol.2483080193
Official URL:http://radiology.rsnajnls.org/cgi/content/abstract/249/2/682
PubMed ID:18780822
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-4629

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