Permanent URL to this publication: http://dx.doi.org/10.5167/uzh-46622
Jiang, C; Blacque, O; Berke, H (2010). Activation of terminal alkynes by frustrated lewis pairs. Organometallics, 29(1):125-133.
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The reactions of frustrated Lewis pairs (FLPs) derived from B(C6F5)3 and the bulky Lewis bases 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine (TMP), tri-tert-butylphosphine, and lutidine (Lut) with terminal alkynes (acetylene, phenylacetylene, 3-ethynylthiophene) were investigated. The FLPs TMP center dot center dot center dot B(C6F5)(3), t-Bu3P center dot center dot center dot B(C6F5) and Lut center dot center dot center dot(C6F5) reacted with acetylene (HC CH) to yield the apparently thermodynamically more stable E isomers TMPH](C6F5)(2)B-C(C6F5)=C(H)B(C6F5)(3)] (1-E), t-Bu3PC(H)=C(H)B(C6F5)(3) (2-E; 90%), and t-Bu3PH](C6F5)(2)B-C(C6F5)=C(H)B(C6F5)(3)] (3-E; 10%),and LutC(H)=C(H)B(C6F5)(3) (4-E), respectively. A mechanistic pathway for the reaction of acetylene is suggested to start with the formation of a weak B(C6F5)(3)/acetylene adduct followed by it deprotonation of this species with any mentioned Lewis bases (LB), yielding the acetylicle salts LBH](C6F5)(3)BC CH]. Alternatively, nucleophilic addition of the LB to this adduct occurs to yield LBC(H)=C(H)B(C6F5)(3) compounds. Formation of 1 and 3-E is explained by the reactions of LBH]B(C6F5)(3)C CH] salts with a second equivalent of B(C6F5)(3) to undergo clectrophilic addition, forming the vinylidene adduct (C6F5)(3)B-C+=C(H)B(C6F5)(3), which is subsequently stabilized by 1,2-migration Of a C6F5 group to form (C6F5)(2)BC(C6F5)=C(H)B(C6F5)(3)]. The reaction between B(C6F5)(3) and phenylacetylene yielded a mixture of (Z)- and (E)-PhC(H)=C(C6F5)B(C6F5)(2) (11-Z and 11-E), confirming that the reaction proceeds via an acetylene/vinylidene rearrangement and subsequent 1,2-shift of a C6F5 group to the carbenic center. The FLPs TMP center dot center dot center dot B(C6F5)(3) and tBu(3)P center dot center dot center dot B(C6F5)(3) were converted with phenylacetylene or 3-ethynylthiophene to yield the acetylide products TMPH]PhC CB(C6F5)3] (5), TMPH]SC4H3C CB(C6F5)(3)] (6), t-BU3PH]PhC CB(C6F5)(3)] (7), and t-Bu3PH]SC4H3C=CB(C6F5)3] (8), where TMP and t-Bu3P acted as a base deprotonating the acetylenic proton. When the FLP Lut center dot center dot center dot B(C6F5)(3) was reacted with phenylacetylene or 3-ethynylthiophene, the deprotonated product LutH]PhC CB(C6F5)(3)] (9; 47%) and the 1,2-addition compound LutC(SC4H3C)=C(H)B(C6F5)(3) (10; 55%) were obtained. Compounds 1-E, 2-E, 5, and 6 were characterized by X-ray diffraction studies.
|Item Type:||Journal Article, refereed, original work|
|Communities & Collections:||07 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry|
|Deposited On:||23 Feb 2011 14:51|
|Last Modified:||28 Nov 2013 01:03|
|Publisher:||American Chemical Society|
|Other Identification Number:||ISI:000273263500017|
|Citations:||Web of Science®. Times Cited: 79|
Scopus®. Citation Count: 84
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