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Multicenter trial: comparison of two different formulations and application systems of low-dose nasal midazolam for routine magnetic resonance imaging of claustrophobic patients.


Tschirch, F T C; Suter, K; Froehlich, J M; Studler, U; Nidecker, A; Eckhardt, B; Beranek-Chiu, J; Surber, C; Weishaupt, D (2008). Multicenter trial: comparison of two different formulations and application systems of low-dose nasal midazolam for routine magnetic resonance imaging of claustrophobic patients. Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging, 28(4):866-872.

Abstract

PURPOSE: To prospectively assess and compare two formulations and methods of administration of low-dose nasal midazolam for the treatment of claustrophobic patients undergoing magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as part of a multicenter Phase III trial. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In all, 108 consecutive adult claustrophobic patients were randomly assigned to one of two treatment groups (multidose group: MDG, unit-dose group: UDG). MDG encompassed 55 patients who received intranasally a 0.5% midazolam formulation into each nostril (total dose, 1.0 mg), whereas the 53 patients in UDG received a 1% midazolam formulation into only one nostril (total dose, 1.0 mg). This initial dose could be repeated once. Patient tolerance and anxiety were assessed using a questionnaire and a visual analog scale immediately before and after MRI. Image quality was evaluated using a five-point scale. RESULTS: In all, 53/55 MR examinations (96%) with MDG and 52/53 (98%) with UDG were completed successfully. The dose of 1 mg had to be repeated significantly less often in UDG compared to MDG (4/53, 8% vs. 13/55, 24%; P = 0.003). The image quality of all MR examinations was rated good to excellent, and slightly better in UDG (P = 0.045). CONCLUSION: Nasally applied low-dose midazolam is a patient-friendly solution to facilitate MRI of claustrophobic patients. The nasal spray of UDG is superior to that of MDG with a necessity of additional dosing.

PURPOSE: To prospectively assess and compare two formulations and methods of administration of low-dose nasal midazolam for the treatment of claustrophobic patients undergoing magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as part of a multicenter Phase III trial. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In all, 108 consecutive adult claustrophobic patients were randomly assigned to one of two treatment groups (multidose group: MDG, unit-dose group: UDG). MDG encompassed 55 patients who received intranasally a 0.5% midazolam formulation into each nostril (total dose, 1.0 mg), whereas the 53 patients in UDG received a 1% midazolam formulation into only one nostril (total dose, 1.0 mg). This initial dose could be repeated once. Patient tolerance and anxiety were assessed using a questionnaire and a visual analog scale immediately before and after MRI. Image quality was evaluated using a five-point scale. RESULTS: In all, 53/55 MR examinations (96%) with MDG and 52/53 (98%) with UDG were completed successfully. The dose of 1 mg had to be repeated significantly less often in UDG compared to MDG (4/53, 8% vs. 13/55, 24%; P = 0.003). The image quality of all MR examinations was rated good to excellent, and slightly better in UDG (P = 0.045). CONCLUSION: Nasally applied low-dose midazolam is a patient-friendly solution to facilitate MRI of claustrophobic patients. The nasal spray of UDG is superior to that of MDG with a necessity of additional dosing.

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9 citations in Web of Science®
11 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Uncontrolled Keywords:midazolam • administration, nasal • phobic disorders • magnetic resonance imaging
Language:English
Date:26 September 2008
Deposited On:03 Nov 2008 16:30
Last Modified:13 Sep 2016 07:28
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:1053-1807
Funders:Akroswiss, Zürich, Switzerland
Publisher DOI:10.1002/jmri.21552
Official URL:http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/121423583/abstract
PubMed ID:18821628
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-4736

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