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Peer effects and textbooks in African primary education


Frölich, M; Michaelowa, K (2011). Peer effects and textbooks in African primary education. Labour Economics, 18(4):474-486.

Abstract

Textbooks could be a cheap and efficient input to primary school education in Africa. In this paper, we
examine the effects of textbooks on student outcomes and separate between direct effects and externalities.
Using the rich data set provided by the ‘Program on the Analysis of Education Systems’ (PASEC) for five
Francophone, sub-Saharan African countries, this paper goes beyond the estimation of direct effects of
textbooks on students' learning and focuses on peer effects resulting from textbooks owned by students'
classmates. Using nonparametric estimation methods, we separate the direct effect of textbooks from their
peer effect. The latter clearly dominates but depends upon the initial level of textbook availability.

Textbooks could be a cheap and efficient input to primary school education in Africa. In this paper, we
examine the effects of textbooks on student outcomes and separate between direct effects and externalities.
Using the rich data set provided by the ‘Program on the Analysis of Education Systems’ (PASEC) for five
Francophone, sub-Saharan African countries, this paper goes beyond the estimation of direct effects of
textbooks on students' learning and focuses on peer effects resulting from textbooks owned by students'
classmates. Using nonparametric estimation methods, we separate the direct effect of textbooks from their
peer effect. The latter clearly dominates but depends upon the initial level of textbook availability.

Citations

2 citations in Web of Science®
2 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Political Science
Dewey Decimal Classification:320 Political science
Uncontrolled Keywords:Africa, textbooks, primary education, student achievement, evaluation, externalities, nonparametric estimation
Language:English
Date:2011
Deposited On:06 Jun 2011 11:36
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 14:55
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0927-5371
Publisher DOI:10.1016/j.labeco.2010.11.008
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-48226

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