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N(4)-[Alkyl-(hydroxyphosphono)phosphonate]-cytidine-new drugs covalently linking antimetabolites (5-FdU, araU or AZT) with bone-targeting bisphosphonates (alendronate or pamidronate)


Schott, H; Goltz, D; Schott, T C; Jauch, C; Schwendener, R A (2011). N(4)-[Alkyl-(hydroxyphosphono)phosphonate]-cytidine-new drugs covalently linking antimetabolites (5-FdU, araU or AZT) with bone-targeting bisphosphonates (alendronate or pamidronate). Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry, 19(11):3520-3526.

Abstract

Amino-bisphosphonates (alendronate, pamidronate) were covalently linked in a three step synthesis, with protected and triazolylated derivatives of therapeutically used nucleoside analogs (5-FdU, araC, AZT) by substitution of their triazolyl residue. From the deprotected and chromatographically purified reaction mixtures N(4)-[alkyl-(hydroxyphosphono) phosphonate]-cytidine combining two differently cytotoxic functions were obtained. This new family of bisphosphonates (BPs) contains as novelty an alkyl side chain with a cytotoxic nucleoside. The BPs moiety allows for a high binding to hydroxyapatite which is a prerequisite for bone targeting of the drugs. In vitro binding of 5-FdU-alendronate (5-FdU-ale) to hydroxyapatite showed a sixfold increased binding of these BPs as compared to 5-FdU. Exploratory cytotoxic properties of 5-FdU-ale were tested on a panel of human tumor cell lines resulting in growth inhibition ranging between 5% and 38%. The determination of IC(50)-concentrations of the conjugate in Lewis lung carcinoma and murine macrophages showed an incubation time dependent growth inhibition with higher sensitivity towards the tumor cells. We assume that the antimetabolite-BPs can be cleaved into different active metabolites that may exert cytotoxic and other therapeutic effects. However, the underlying mechanisms of these promising new antimetabolite-BPs conjugates remain to be evaluated in future experiments.

Amino-bisphosphonates (alendronate, pamidronate) were covalently linked in a three step synthesis, with protected and triazolylated derivatives of therapeutically used nucleoside analogs (5-FdU, araC, AZT) by substitution of their triazolyl residue. From the deprotected and chromatographically purified reaction mixtures N(4)-[alkyl-(hydroxyphosphono) phosphonate]-cytidine combining two differently cytotoxic functions were obtained. This new family of bisphosphonates (BPs) contains as novelty an alkyl side chain with a cytotoxic nucleoside. The BPs moiety allows for a high binding to hydroxyapatite which is a prerequisite for bone targeting of the drugs. In vitro binding of 5-FdU-alendronate (5-FdU-ale) to hydroxyapatite showed a sixfold increased binding of these BPs as compared to 5-FdU. Exploratory cytotoxic properties of 5-FdU-ale were tested on a panel of human tumor cell lines resulting in growth inhibition ranging between 5% and 38%. The determination of IC(50)-concentrations of the conjugate in Lewis lung carcinoma and murine macrophages showed an incubation time dependent growth inhibition with higher sensitivity towards the tumor cells. We assume that the antimetabolite-BPs can be cleaved into different active metabolites that may exert cytotoxic and other therapeutic effects. However, the underlying mechanisms of these promising new antimetabolite-BPs conjugates remain to be evaluated in future experiments.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:2011
Deposited On:16 Jun 2011 08:34
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 14:56
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0968-0896
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bmc.2011.04.015
PubMed ID:21536448
Permanent URL: https://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-48361

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