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Cognitive and motivational mechanisms compensating for the limitations in performance on complex cognitive tasks across the adult life-span. Edited by: Sedek, G; Verhaeghen, P; Martin, Mike. London, 2011.

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Abstract

Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition invites submissions of manuscripts for a special issue on the Cognitive and Motivational Mechanisms Compensating for the Limitations in Performance on Complex Cognitive Tasks across the Adult Life-Span to be Guest Edited by Grzegorz Sedek, Paul Verhaeghen and Mike Martin The primary aim of the proposed special issue is to describe various cognitive and motivational mechanisms that allow older adults to compensate for age-related limitations in performance on complex cognitive tasks. Research shows a clear and marked monotonic decrease in basic fluid cognitive abilities from early adulthood through middle age to old age. The age-related impairment, however, tends to be much smaller in more complex, assembled, and/or ecologically valid aspects of cognitive functioning. Moreover, these tasks also show large interindividual differences. This appears to imply that older adults do cope with increasing cognitive limitations by using various compensatory mechanisms. An adequate description of these mechanisms could ultimately translate into practical interventions aimed at increasing the quality of life of older adults. Such compensatory mechanisms may include cognitive strategies (e.g., focusing on integrative reasoning rather than retrieval rehearsal for memory tasks), motivational strategies (e.g., decreasing the need for cognitive closure in decision-making), or strategies of self-regulation (e.g., the ability to intentionally withdraw effort in difficult or unsolvable tasks); they can be studied at the behavioral level or at the level of brain functioning. Given the dissociation between age trajectories on basic cognitive tasks and complex tasks, it can be expected that older adults use such mechanisms more frequently and/or more efficiently than younger adults. We invite submissions that further highlight the nature of compensatory mechanisms in the service of performance on complex cognitive tasks across the adult life span.

Additional indexing

Item Type:Edited Scientific Work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Psychology
Dewey Decimal Classification:150 Psychology
Language:English
Date:2011
Deposited On:04 Jul 2011 13:24
Last Modified:22 Jan 2015 11:03
Publisher:Psychology Press
Series Name:Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition - Special Issue
Volume:18
ISSN:1382-5585 (P) 1744-4128 (E)
Related URLs:http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/journal.asp?issn=1382-5585&linktype=38
http://opac.nebis.ch/F/?local_base=NEBIS&con_lng=GER&func=find-b&find_code=SYS&request=005528184

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