UZH-Logo

The metastasis promoting protein S100A4 is increased in idiopathic inflammatory myopathies


Andrés Cerezo, L; Kuncová, K; Mann, H; Tomcik, M; Zámecník, J; Lukanidin, E; Neidhart, M; Gay, S; Grigorian, M; Vencovsky, J; Senolt, L (2011). The metastasis promoting protein S100A4 is increased in idiopathic inflammatory myopathies. Rheumatology, 50(10):1766-1772.

Abstract

Objectives. The S100A4 protein is known as a metastasis promoting factor; however, its involvement in non-malignant diseases such as RA and psoriasis has been recently described. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression and possible role of S100A4 in idiopathic inflammatory myopathies. Methods. S100A4 protein expression was detected by immunohistochemistry in muscle tissue from control individuals (n = 11) and patients with PM and DM (n = 8/6). IF staining was used to co-localize S100A4 with selected cells. Cytokine expression and protein synthesis in S100A4-treated cells were analysed by RT-PCR and ELISA. Results. S100A4 protein was significantly up-regulated in muscle tissue of patients with inflammatory myopathies compared with control individuals and was associated particularly with the presence of mononuclear infiltrates. Only few regenerating muscle fibres in PM/DM expressed S100A4. Then we analysed the effect of S100A4 on human myocytes and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). Although S100A4 did not affect myocytes, stimulation of PBMCs with S100A4 significantly induced the expression and synthesis of TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6, but not of IFN-α. We showed that S100A4 is not directly involved in perforin/granzyme B-induced apoptosis and that it does not modulate the expression of Bax and Bcl2 mRNA in myocytes and PBMCs. Conclusion. Increased expression of S100A4 in inflamed muscle tissue highlights its potential role in the pathogenesis of inflammatory myopathies. S100A4 may act as a cytokine-like factor indirectly promoting muscle fibre damage by stimulating mononuclear cells to increase the synthesis of pro-inflammatory cytokines.

Objectives. The S100A4 protein is known as a metastasis promoting factor; however, its involvement in non-malignant diseases such as RA and psoriasis has been recently described. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression and possible role of S100A4 in idiopathic inflammatory myopathies. Methods. S100A4 protein expression was detected by immunohistochemistry in muscle tissue from control individuals (n = 11) and patients with PM and DM (n = 8/6). IF staining was used to co-localize S100A4 with selected cells. Cytokine expression and protein synthesis in S100A4-treated cells were analysed by RT-PCR and ELISA. Results. S100A4 protein was significantly up-regulated in muscle tissue of patients with inflammatory myopathies compared with control individuals and was associated particularly with the presence of mononuclear infiltrates. Only few regenerating muscle fibres in PM/DM expressed S100A4. Then we analysed the effect of S100A4 on human myocytes and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). Although S100A4 did not affect myocytes, stimulation of PBMCs with S100A4 significantly induced the expression and synthesis of TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6, but not of IFN-α. We showed that S100A4 is not directly involved in perforin/granzyme B-induced apoptosis and that it does not modulate the expression of Bax and Bcl2 mRNA in myocytes and PBMCs. Conclusion. Increased expression of S100A4 in inflamed muscle tissue highlights its potential role in the pathogenesis of inflammatory myopathies. S100A4 may act as a cytokine-like factor indirectly promoting muscle fibre damage by stimulating mononuclear cells to increase the synthesis of pro-inflammatory cytokines.

Citations

12 citations in Web of Science®
10 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Rheumatology Clinic and Institute of Physical Medicine
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2011
Deposited On:12 Jul 2011 12:27
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 14:57
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:1462-0324
Publisher DOI:10.1093/rheumatology/ker218
PubMed ID:21712367

Download

Full text not available from this repository.View at publisher

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations