Quick Search:

uzh logo
Browse by:

Zurich Open Repository and Archive

Maintenance: Tuesday, July the 26th 2016, 07:00-10:00

ZORA's new graphical user interface will be relaunched (For further infos watch out slideshow ZORA: Neues Look & Feel). There will be short interrupts on ZORA Service between 07:00am and 10:00 am. Please be patient.

Permanent URL to this publication: http://dx.doi.org/10.5167/uzh-48706

Rabadan, M; Díaz, V; Calderon, F J; Benito, P J; Peinado, A B; Maffulli, N (2011). Physiological determinants of speciality of elite middle- and long-distance runners. Journal of Sports Sciences, 29(9):975-982.

[img]Published Version
PDF - Registered users only
View at publisher


The aim of this study was to determine which physiological variables predict excellence in middle- and long-distance runners. Forty middle-distance runners (age 23 ± 4 years, body mass 67.2 ± 5.9 kg, stature 1.80 ± 0.05 m, [Vdot]O(2max) 65.9 ± 4.5 ml · kg(-1) · min(-1)) and 32 long-distance runners (age 25 ± 4 years, body mass 59.8 ± 5.1 kg, stature 1.73 ± 0.06 m, [Vdot]O(2max) 71.6 ± 5.0 ml · kg(-1) · min(-1)) competing at international standard performed an incremental running test to exhaustion. Expired gas analysis was performed breath-by-breath and maximum oxygen uptake ([Vdot]O(2max)) and two ventilatory thresholds (VT(1) and VT(2)) were calculated. Long-distance runners presented a higher [Vdot]O(2max) than middle-distance runners when expressed relative to body mass (P < 0.001, d = 1.18, 95% CI [0.68, 1.68]). At the intensities corresponding to VT(1) and VT(2), long-distance runners showed higher values for [Vdot]O(2) expressed relative to body mass or %[Vdot]O(2max), speed and oxygen cost of running (P < 0.05). When oxygen uptake was adjusted for body mass, differences between groups were consistent. Logistic binary regression analysis showed that [Vdot]O(2max) (expressed as l · min(-1) and ml · kg(-1) · min(-1)), [Vdot]O(2VT2) (expressed as ml · kg(-0.94) · min(-1)), and speed at VT(2) (v(VT2)) categorized long-distance runners. In addition, the multivariate model correctly classified 84.7% of the athletes. Thus, [Vdot]O(2max), [Vdot]O(2VT2), and v(VT2) discriminate between elite middle-distance and long-distance runners.


10 citations in Web of Science®
11 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™



2 downloads since deposited on 19 Jul 2011
0 downloads since 12 months

Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Institute of Veterinary Physiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Deposited On:19 Jul 2011 07:32
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 14:57
Publisher:Taylor & Francis
Publisher DOI:10.1080/02640414.2011.571271
PubMed ID:21604227

Users (please log in): suggest update or correction for this item

Repository Staff Only: item control page