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Bilateral deafness due to labyrinthitis in a patient with Crohn's disease


Weisert, J U; Veraguth, D; Probst, R (2012). Bilateral deafness due to labyrinthitis in a patient with Crohn's disease. HNO, 60(2):132-134.

Abstract

Labyrinthitis with vestibulocochlear dysfunction in chronic inflammatory bowl disease is a rare but well described manifestation or complication. The diagnostic and therapeutic possibilities and limitations of this inflammatory otopathy are presented and discussed in the context of a case report. A bilateral loss of vestibular function and sensorineural hearing loss occurred in a 26-year-old male patient with previously diagnosed Crohn's disease. He was treated with immune suppressive therapy during the onset and development of cochleovestibular symptoms. Diagnostic tests included pure tone audiograms, speech audiometry, caloric tests, VEMPs, and MRI. Therapy included azathioprine, corticosteroids (systemic and intratympanic), monoclonal antibodies, and cochlear implants. Despite immunosuppressive therapy including monoclonal antibodies, the patient progressively lost his hearing. Finally, bilateral cochlear implantation was carried out with good results. The treatment of patients with systemic inflammatory or autoimmune disease affecting the cochlear-vestibular organ is challenging. An interdisciplinary approach is needed. In cases of bilateral deafness, cochlear implantation is a satisfactory treatment and should not be delayed unnecessarily.

Abstract

Labyrinthitis with vestibulocochlear dysfunction in chronic inflammatory bowl disease is a rare but well described manifestation or complication. The diagnostic and therapeutic possibilities and limitations of this inflammatory otopathy are presented and discussed in the context of a case report. A bilateral loss of vestibular function and sensorineural hearing loss occurred in a 26-year-old male patient with previously diagnosed Crohn's disease. He was treated with immune suppressive therapy during the onset and development of cochleovestibular symptoms. Diagnostic tests included pure tone audiograms, speech audiometry, caloric tests, VEMPs, and MRI. Therapy included azathioprine, corticosteroids (systemic and intratympanic), monoclonal antibodies, and cochlear implants. Despite immunosuppressive therapy including monoclonal antibodies, the patient progressively lost his hearing. Finally, bilateral cochlear implantation was carried out with good results. The treatment of patients with systemic inflammatory or autoimmune disease affecting the cochlear-vestibular organ is challenging. An interdisciplinary approach is needed. In cases of bilateral deafness, cochlear implantation is a satisfactory treatment and should not be delayed unnecessarily.

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1 citation in Web of Science®
1 citation in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Otorhinolaryngology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2012
Deposited On:27 Jul 2011 12:54
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 14:57
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0017-6192
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00106-011-2317-9
PubMed ID:21732151

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