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Coagulation activity before and after acute psychosocial stress increases with age


Wirtz, P H; Redwine, L S; Baertschi, C; Spillmann, M; Ehlert, Ulrike; von Känel, R (2008). Coagulation activity before and after acute psychosocial stress increases with age. Psychosomatic medicine, 70(4):476-481.

Abstract

Objective: To assess whether stress further increases hypercoagulation in older individuals. We investigated whether acute stress-induced changes in coagulation parameters differ with age. It is known that hypercoagulation occurs in response to acute stress and that a shift in hemostasis toward a hypercoagulability state occurs with age. However, it is not yet known whether acute stress further increases hypercoagulation in older individuals, and thus may increase their risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD).
Methods: A total of 63 medication-free nonsmoking men, aged between 20 and 65 years (mean +/- standard error of the mean = 36.7 +/- 1.7 years), underwent an acute standardized psychosocial stress task combining public speaking and mental arithmetic in front of an audience. We measured plasma clotting factor VII activity (FVII:C), fibrinogen, and D-dimer at rest, immediately, and 20 minutes after stress. RESULTS: Increased age predicted greater increases in fibrinogen (beta = 0.26, p = 0.041; DeltaR(2) = 0.05), FVII:C (beta = 0.40, p = .006; DeltaR(2) = 0.11), and D-dimer (beta = 0.51, p < .001; DeltaR(2) = 0.18) from rest to 20 minutes after stress independent of body mass index and mean arterial blood pressure. General linear models revealed significant effects of age and stress on fibrinogen, FVII:C, and D-dimer (main effects: p < .04), and greater D-dimer stress reactivity with older age (interaction age-by-stress: F(1.5/90.4) = 4.36, p = .024; f = 0.33).
Conclusions: Our results suggest that acute stress might increase vulnerability in the elderly for hypercoagulability and subsequent hemostasis-associated diseases like CVD.

Objective: To assess whether stress further increases hypercoagulation in older individuals. We investigated whether acute stress-induced changes in coagulation parameters differ with age. It is known that hypercoagulation occurs in response to acute stress and that a shift in hemostasis toward a hypercoagulability state occurs with age. However, it is not yet known whether acute stress further increases hypercoagulation in older individuals, and thus may increase their risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD).
Methods: A total of 63 medication-free nonsmoking men, aged between 20 and 65 years (mean +/- standard error of the mean = 36.7 +/- 1.7 years), underwent an acute standardized psychosocial stress task combining public speaking and mental arithmetic in front of an audience. We measured plasma clotting factor VII activity (FVII:C), fibrinogen, and D-dimer at rest, immediately, and 20 minutes after stress. RESULTS: Increased age predicted greater increases in fibrinogen (beta = 0.26, p = 0.041; DeltaR(2) = 0.05), FVII:C (beta = 0.40, p = .006; DeltaR(2) = 0.11), and D-dimer (beta = 0.51, p < .001; DeltaR(2) = 0.18) from rest to 20 minutes after stress independent of body mass index and mean arterial blood pressure. General linear models revealed significant effects of age and stress on fibrinogen, FVII:C, and D-dimer (main effects: p < .04), and greater D-dimer stress reactivity with older age (interaction age-by-stress: F(1.5/90.4) = 4.36, p = .024; f = 0.33).
Conclusions: Our results suggest that acute stress might increase vulnerability in the elderly for hypercoagulability and subsequent hemostasis-associated diseases like CVD.

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15 citations in Web of Science®
16 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Psychology
Dewey Decimal Classification:150 Psychology
Language:English
Date:2008
Deposited On:07 Nov 2008 15:55
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:32
Publisher:American Psychosomatic Society
ISSN:0033-3174
Funders:Research Grants 56233203 and 56233204 from the University of Zurich (to PHW)
Publisher DOI:10.1097/PSY.0b013e31816e03a5
PubMed ID:18480193
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-4888

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