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Association study of cholesterol-related genes in Alzheimer's disease


Abstract

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a genetically complex disorder, and several genes related to cholesterol metabolism have been reported to contribute to AD risk. To identify further AD susceptibility genes, we have screened genes that map to chromosomal regions with high logarithm of the odds scores for AD in full genome scans and are related to cholesterol metabolism. In a European screening sample of 115 sporadic AD patients and 191 healthy control subjects, we analyzed single nucleotide polymorphisms in 28 cholesterol-related genes for association with AD. The genes HMGCS2, FDPS, RAFTLIN, ACAD8, NPC2, and ABCG1 were associated with AD at a significance level of P < or = 0.05 in this sample. Replication trials in five independent European samples detected associations of variants within HMGCS2, FDPS, NPC2, or ABCG1 with AD in some samples (P = 0.05 to P = 0.005). We did not identify a marker that was significantly associated with AD in the pooled sample (n = 2864). Stratification of this sample revealed an APOE-dependent association of HMGCS2 with AD (P = 0.004). We conclude that genetic variants investigated in this study may be associated with a moderate modification of the risk for AD in some samples.

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a genetically complex disorder, and several genes related to cholesterol metabolism have been reported to contribute to AD risk. To identify further AD susceptibility genes, we have screened genes that map to chromosomal regions with high logarithm of the odds scores for AD in full genome scans and are related to cholesterol metabolism. In a European screening sample of 115 sporadic AD patients and 191 healthy control subjects, we analyzed single nucleotide polymorphisms in 28 cholesterol-related genes for association with AD. The genes HMGCS2, FDPS, RAFTLIN, ACAD8, NPC2, and ABCG1 were associated with AD at a significance level of P < or = 0.05 in this sample. Replication trials in five independent European samples detected associations of variants within HMGCS2, FDPS, NPC2, or ABCG1 with AD in some samples (P = 0.05 to P = 0.005). We did not identify a marker that was significantly associated with AD in the pooled sample (n = 2864). Stratification of this sample revealed an APOE-dependent association of HMGCS2 with AD (P = 0.004). We conclude that genetic variants investigated in this study may be associated with a moderate modification of the risk for AD in some samples.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute for Regenerative Medicine (IREM)
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2007
Deposited On:06 Sep 2011 09:26
Last Modified:16 Aug 2016 10:14
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:1364-6745
Publisher DOI:10.1007/s10048-007-0087-z
PubMed ID:17387528

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