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Bone mineral density in young women on methadone substitution


Milos, G; Gallo, L M; Sosic, B; Uebelhart, D; Goerres, G; Haeuselmann, H J; Eich, D (2011). Bone mineral density in young women on methadone substitution. Calcified Tissue International, 89(3):228-233.

Abstract

Little is known about bone mineral density (BMD) in patients with heroin addiction and subsequent methadone substitution. The goal of this study was to compare bone mass density of young HIV-negative women on long-term methadone treatment to a local group of young healthy women. Eleven women (aged 20-29) with previous heroin dependence and current methadone substitution (20-140 mg, median 60, daily) for 1.5-9 (median 3) years were compared to 30 healthy women (aged 20-28). Participants were examined with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry of the lumbar spine (L2-L4), of the total proximal hip area, and of the femoral neck. Patients and controls had neither current nor lifetime underweight condition, had comparable ages at menarche, and did not differ significantly in current body mass index (21.9 ± 4.0, respectively, 20.5 ± 1.5 kg/m(2)) in spite of a largely unhealthy lifestyle (cigarette, alcohol, and cocaine consumption in patients). Patients' total-hip parameters were marginally lower than those of controls (BMD P = 0.054, T score P = 0.049), whereas the femoral neck and lumbar spine parameters did not differ significantly between the two groups. Long-term methadone substitution in HIV-negative women seems to slightly affect bone mass density.

Little is known about bone mineral density (BMD) in patients with heroin addiction and subsequent methadone substitution. The goal of this study was to compare bone mass density of young HIV-negative women on long-term methadone treatment to a local group of young healthy women. Eleven women (aged 20-29) with previous heroin dependence and current methadone substitution (20-140 mg, median 60, daily) for 1.5-9 (median 3) years were compared to 30 healthy women (aged 20-28). Participants were examined with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry of the lumbar spine (L2-L4), of the total proximal hip area, and of the femoral neck. Patients and controls had neither current nor lifetime underweight condition, had comparable ages at menarche, and did not differ significantly in current body mass index (21.9 ± 4.0, respectively, 20.5 ± 1.5 kg/m(2)) in spite of a largely unhealthy lifestyle (cigarette, alcohol, and cocaine consumption in patients). Patients' total-hip parameters were marginally lower than those of controls (BMD P = 0.054, T score P = 0.049), whereas the femoral neck and lumbar spine parameters did not differ significantly between the two groups. Long-term methadone substitution in HIV-negative women seems to slightly affect bone mass density.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic for Masticatory Disorders and Complete Dentures, Geriatric and Special Care Dentistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2011
Deposited On:14 Sep 2011 13:30
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 15:00
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0171-967X
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00223-011-9510-4
PubMed ID:21698454
Permanent URL: https://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-49625

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