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Filoni, C; Catão-Dias, J L; Cattori, V; Willi, B; Meli, M L; Ramiro Corrêa, S H; Cristina Marques, M; Harumi Adania, C; Ramos Silva, J C; Vianna Marvulo, M F; Ferreira Neto, J S; Luiz Durigon, E; de Carvalho, V M; Dall'acqua Coutinho, S; Lutz, H; Hofmann-Lehmann, R (2012). Surveillance using serological and molecular methods for the detection of infectious agents in captive Brazilian neotropic and exotic felids. Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation, 24(1):166-173.

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Abstract

The aim of the current study was to investigate the exposure of captive wild felids to various infectious pathogens using serological and molecular methods. One hundred and fifty-nine neotropic felids and 51 exotic felids from 28 captive settings in Brazil were tested. While antibodies against Feline parvovirus and Feline coronavirus (FCoV), Feline calicivirus and Bartonella spp. were frequently detected by serologic tests, antibodies against Felid herpesvirus 1 or infection with hemotropic mycoplasmas were less prevalent. Serologic evidence of exposure to Ehrlichia spp., Feline immunodeficiency virus, and Feline leukemia virus (FeLV) was detected rarely, and infections with FeLV, Ehrlichia spp., and Cytauxzoon spp. were found infrequently. The detected Bartonella sequence was molecularly similar to B. koehlerae and B. henselae; for Cytauxzoon, the sequence resembled those from domestic cats. No Anaplasma phagocytophilum and Theileria spp. infections were detected. The positive test results varied significantly among different facilities and species. Additionally, FCoV seropositivity was more prevalent in captivity than in free-ranging populations. Results suggest that testing is appropriate prior to relocation of felids.

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Department of Farm Animals > Clinical Laboratory
05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Department of Small Animals > Clinic for Small Animal Internal Medicine
DDC:570 Life sciences; biology
630 Agriculture
Language:English
Date:2012
Deposited On:27 Sep 2011 07:46
Last Modified:28 Nov 2013 02:01
Publisher:Sage Publications
ISSN:1040-6387
Publisher DOI:10.1177/1040638711407684
PubMed ID:21908268
Citations:Web of Science®. Times Cited: 5
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Scopus®. Citation Count: 8

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