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The association between short sleep duration and obesity in young adults: a 13-year prospective study


Hasler, G; Buysse, D J; Klaghofer, R; Gamma, A; Ajdacic, V; Eich, D; Rössler, W; Angst, J (2004). The association between short sleep duration and obesity in young adults: a 13-year prospective study. Sleep, 27(4):661-666.

Abstract

STUDY OBJECTIVES: Obesity has become a major health problem with increasing prevalence. Given the limited availability of effective treatment of weight problems, the identification of potentially modifiable risk factors may lead to preventive approaches to obesity. The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that short sleep duration is associated with obesity and weight gain during young adulthood. DESIGN: Prospective single-age cohort study of young adults. Information was derived from 4 interviews when participants were ages 27, 29, 34, and 40 years. SETTING: Community setting. PARTICIPANTS: 496 young adults. MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS: Trained health professionals administered a semistructured interview for psychiatric and medical conditions and health habits. This study showed an association between short sleep duration and obesity (at age 27 years, odds ratio: 7.4, 95% confidence interval: 1.3-43.1) and a negative association between sleep duration and body mass index in young adults. These associations persisted after controlling for a variety of potentially confounding variables, including family history of weight problems, levels of physical activity, and demographic variables. Associations between sleep duration and obesity diminished after age 34 years. There was a trend (P = .08) for average change rate of weight gain to be negatively associated with average change rate of sleep duration. CONCLUSIONS: Because sleep duration is a potentially modifiable risk factor, these findings might have important clinical implications for the prevention and treatment of obesity.

Abstract

STUDY OBJECTIVES: Obesity has become a major health problem with increasing prevalence. Given the limited availability of effective treatment of weight problems, the identification of potentially modifiable risk factors may lead to preventive approaches to obesity. The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that short sleep duration is associated with obesity and weight gain during young adulthood. DESIGN: Prospective single-age cohort study of young adults. Information was derived from 4 interviews when participants were ages 27, 29, 34, and 40 years. SETTING: Community setting. PARTICIPANTS: 496 young adults. MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS: Trained health professionals administered a semistructured interview for psychiatric and medical conditions and health habits. This study showed an association between short sleep duration and obesity (at age 27 years, odds ratio: 7.4, 95% confidence interval: 1.3-43.1) and a negative association between sleep duration and body mass index in young adults. These associations persisted after controlling for a variety of potentially confounding variables, including family history of weight problems, levels of physical activity, and demographic variables. Associations between sleep duration and obesity diminished after age 34 years. There was a trend (P = .08) for average change rate of weight gain to be negatively associated with average change rate of sleep duration. CONCLUSIONS: Because sleep duration is a potentially modifiable risk factor, these findings might have important clinical implications for the prevention and treatment of obesity.

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328 citations in Web of Science®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Psychiatric University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Clinical and Social Psychiatry Zurich West (former)
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Uncontrolled Keywords:Adult - Body Mass Index - Cohort Studies - Cross-Sectional Studies - Female - Humans - Male - Obesity/diagnosis/epidemiology - Prospective Studies - Risk Factors - Severity of Illness Index - Sleep Disorders/diagnosis/epidemiology - Time Factors
Language:English
Date:2004
Deposited On:29 Sep 2011 11:13
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 15:01
Publisher:Associated Professional Sleep Societies, LLC
ISSN:0161-8105
Official URL:http://www.journalsleep.org/ViewAbstract.aspx?pid=25997
PubMed ID:15283000

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