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Permanent URL to this publication: http://dx.doi.org/10.5167/uzh-49923

Schnyder, M; Maurelli, M P; Morgoglione, M E; Kohler, L; Deplazes, P; Torgerson, P R; Cringoli, G; Rinaldi, L (2011). Comparison of faecal techniques including FLOTAC for copromicroscopic detection of first stage larvae of angiostrongylus vasorum. Parasitology Research, 109(1):63-69.

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Angiostrongylus vasorum is a metastrongylid nematode that resides in the pulmonary arteries and the right heart chambers. In dogs, infection results in respiratory, bleeding and neurological disorders and further clinical signs. In the present study, FLOTAC was evaluated
for the detection of first-stage larvae (L1) of A. vasorum in canine faecal samples. This technique is based on the counting of parasitic stages (eggs, larvae, oocysts and cysts) in chambers after spinning of faecal samples onto a surface.
In a first step, nine flotation solutions were evaluated using faeces of two experimentally infected dogs. Zinc sulphat(specific gravity (s.g.) 1.2) and zinc sulphate plus potassiumiodomercurate (s.g. 1.45) gave good results. However, with the latter technique, the larvae were slightly deformed. Subsequently, FLOTAC, using zinc sulphate, was compared through a randomisation technique with McMaster,flotation in tube and Baermann–Wetzel technique. The mean larvae per gramme (LPG) obtained by the FLOTAC for both dogs was significantly higher (P<0.05) than those obtained by the other three techniques (the means of the other techniques all lie below the 95% CI of the mean LPG of the FLOTAC technique). In addition, the FLOTAC results were consistent across replicates with only Poisson(or random) variation between individual replicates. Theother techniques appear to be less consistent with evidence of extra-Poisson variation in at least one of the two dogs across the replicates within each technique. The FLOTAC technique may contribute to an improvement of the ability to diagnose canine lungworm infections and represent a valuable alternative for larval counting of A. vasorum i faecal samples, especially following transport or storage where there may be limited larvae viability, and larval migration techniques cannot be used.


11 citations in Web of Science®
17 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Institute of Parasitology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Parasitology

05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Chair in Veterinary Epidemiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
600 Technology
Deposited On:18 Oct 2011 10:36
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 15:02
Publisher DOI:10.1007/s00436-010-2221-3
PubMed ID:21181189

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