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2-hydroxyglutarate concentration in serum from patients with gliomas does not correlate with IDH1/2 mutation status or tumor size


Capper, D; Simon, M; Langhans, C D; Okun, J G; Tonn, J C; Weller, M; von Deimling, A; Hartmann, C (2012). 2-hydroxyglutarate concentration in serum from patients with gliomas does not correlate with IDH1/2 mutation status or tumor size. International Journal of Cancer, 131(3):766-768.

Abstract

IDH1/2 mutations occur at high frequency in diffusely infiltrating gliomas of the WHO grades II and III and were identified as a strong prognostic marker in all WHO grades of gliomas. Mutated IDH1 or IDH2 protein leads to the generation of excessive amounts of the metabolite 2-hydroxyglutarate (2HG) in tumor cells. Here we evaluated whether 2HG levels in preoperative serum samples from patients with gliomas correlate with the IDH1/2 mutation status and whether there is an association between 2HG levels and glioma size. In contrast to the strong accumulation of 2HG in the serum of patients with IDH1/2 mutated acute myeloid leukaemia, no accumulation was observed in this series of IDH1/2 mutated gliomas. Furthermore, we found no association between glioma size measured by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and 2HG levels. We conclude that 2HG levels in preoperative sera from patients with diffusely infiltrating gliomas of the WHO grades II and III cannot be used as a marker to differentiate between tumors with versus without IDH1/2 mutation. Furthermore, the observation that there is no correlation between 2HG levels and tumor volume may indicate that 2HG cannot be utilized as marker to monitor tumor growth in gliomas.

IDH1/2 mutations occur at high frequency in diffusely infiltrating gliomas of the WHO grades II and III and were identified as a strong prognostic marker in all WHO grades of gliomas. Mutated IDH1 or IDH2 protein leads to the generation of excessive amounts of the metabolite 2-hydroxyglutarate (2HG) in tumor cells. Here we evaluated whether 2HG levels in preoperative serum samples from patients with gliomas correlate with the IDH1/2 mutation status and whether there is an association between 2HG levels and glioma size. In contrast to the strong accumulation of 2HG in the serum of patients with IDH1/2 mutated acute myeloid leukaemia, no accumulation was observed in this series of IDH1/2 mutated gliomas. Furthermore, we found no association between glioma size measured by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and 2HG levels. We conclude that 2HG levels in preoperative sera from patients with diffusely infiltrating gliomas of the WHO grades II and III cannot be used as a marker to differentiate between tumors with versus without IDH1/2 mutation. Furthermore, the observation that there is no correlation between 2HG levels and tumor volume may indicate that 2HG cannot be utilized as marker to monitor tumor growth in gliomas.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Neurology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2012
Deposited On:10 Nov 2011 14:16
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 15:04
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:0020-7136
Publisher DOI:10.1002/ijc.26425
PubMed ID:21913188
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-50499

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