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Targeting apoptosis pathways in glioblastoma


Eisele, G; Weller, M (2013). Targeting apoptosis pathways in glioblastoma. Cancer Letters, 332(2):335-345.

Abstract

The treatment of glioblastoma remains a major challenge for clinicians since these highly aggressive brain tumors are relatively resistant towards radio- and chemotherapy. The pathways that control apoptosis are altered in glioblastoma cells leading to resistance towards apoptotic stimuli in general. In this review we describe the alterations affecting the p53 pathway, the BCL-2 protein family, the inhibitor of apoptosis proteins and several growth factor pathways involved in the regulation of programmed cell death and define possible targets for new therapies within these apoptotic pathways in glioblastomas. Moreover, we review strategies to target death receptor pathways, most notably to render the glioblastoma cells more susceptible towards this approach without enhancing toxicity in general. Most of the strategies targeting apoptosis in glioblastomas presented here are in a pre-clinical stage of development, however, they all share the ultimative goal to improve the outcome for glioblastoma patients.

The treatment of glioblastoma remains a major challenge for clinicians since these highly aggressive brain tumors are relatively resistant towards radio- and chemotherapy. The pathways that control apoptosis are altered in glioblastoma cells leading to resistance towards apoptotic stimuli in general. In this review we describe the alterations affecting the p53 pathway, the BCL-2 protein family, the inhibitor of apoptosis proteins and several growth factor pathways involved in the regulation of programmed cell death and define possible targets for new therapies within these apoptotic pathways in glioblastomas. Moreover, we review strategies to target death receptor pathways, most notably to render the glioblastoma cells more susceptible towards this approach without enhancing toxicity in general. Most of the strategies targeting apoptosis in glioblastomas presented here are in a pre-clinical stage of development, however, they all share the ultimative goal to improve the outcome for glioblastoma patients.

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15 citations in Web of Science®
17 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Neurology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2013
Deposited On:10 Nov 2011 13:01
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 15:04
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0304-3835
Publisher DOI:10.1016/j.canlet.2010.12.012
PubMed ID:21269762
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-50500

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