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The neuropsychiatry of neuroacanthocytosis syndromes


Walterfang, M; Evans, A J; Looi, J C; Jung, H H; Danek, A; Walker, R H; Velakoulis, D (2011). The neuropsychiatry of neuroacanthocytosis syndromes. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 35(5):1275-1283.

Abstract

The neuroacanthocytoses are a group of disorders characterised by peripheral blood acanthocytes, central nervous system as well as neuromuscular symptoms. These disorders uniformly result in pathology in the basal ganglia, which account for the characteristic motor symptoms such as chorea or dystonia, but may also account for the apparent elevated rates of major mental disorders in these syndromes. Elevated rates of dysexecutive syndromes, obsessive-compulsive disorder, depression and schizophrenia-like psychosis appear to occur in chorea-acanthocytosis, McLeod's syndrome, pantothenate kinase-associated neurodegeneration, and Huntington's disease-like 2. Disruptions to key frontostriatal loops secondary to pathology in the striatum and pallidum appear to predispose individuals to major neuropsychiatric syndromes; however, treatment can be instituted for a number of these manifestations, which lessens the overall burden of disease in neuroacanthocytosis patients and their families.

The neuroacanthocytoses are a group of disorders characterised by peripheral blood acanthocytes, central nervous system as well as neuromuscular symptoms. These disorders uniformly result in pathology in the basal ganglia, which account for the characteristic motor symptoms such as chorea or dystonia, but may also account for the apparent elevated rates of major mental disorders in these syndromes. Elevated rates of dysexecutive syndromes, obsessive-compulsive disorder, depression and schizophrenia-like psychosis appear to occur in chorea-acanthocytosis, McLeod's syndrome, pantothenate kinase-associated neurodegeneration, and Huntington's disease-like 2. Disruptions to key frontostriatal loops secondary to pathology in the striatum and pallidum appear to predispose individuals to major neuropsychiatric syndromes; however, treatment can be instituted for a number of these manifestations, which lessens the overall burden of disease in neuroacanthocytosis patients and their families.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Neurology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2011
Deposited On:10 Nov 2011 14:29
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 15:04
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0149-7634
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neubiorev.2011.01.001
PubMed ID:21237198
Permanent URL: https://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-50711

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