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Permanent URL to this publication: http://dx.doi.org/10.5167/uzh-51007

Sarikaya, H; Arnold, M; Engelter, S T; Lyrer, P A; Mattle, H P; Michel, P; Odier, C; Weder, B; Siebel, P; Mueller, F; Ballinari, P; Georgiadis, D; Baumgartner, R W (2011). Outcome of intravenous thrombolysis in stroke patients weighing over 100 kg. Cerebrovascular Diseases, 32(3):201-206.

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Intravenous thrombolysis with alteplase for ischemic stroke is fixed at a maximal dose of 90 mg for safety reasons. Little is known about the clinical outcomes of stroke patients weighing >100 kg, who may benefit less from thrombolysis due to this dose limitation.

Prospective data on 1,479 consecutive stroke patients treated with intravenous alteplase in six Swiss stroke units were analyzed. Presenting characteristics and the frequency of favorable outcomes, defined as a modified Rankin scale (mRS) score of 0 or 1, a good outcome (mRS score 0-2), mortality and symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (SICH) were compared between patients weighing >100 kg and those weighing ≤100 kg.

Compared to their counterparts (n = 1,384, mean body weight 73 kg), patients weighing >100 kg (n = 95, mean body weight 108 kg) were younger (61 vs. 67 years, p < 0.001), were more frequently males (83 vs. 60%, p < 0.001) and more frequently suffered from diabetes mellitus (30 vs. 13%, p < 0.001). As compared with patients weighing ≤100 kg, patients weighing >100 kg had similar rates of favorable outcomes (45 vs. 48%, p = 0.656), good outcomes (58 vs. 64%, p = 0.270) and mortality (17 vs. 12%, p = 0.196), and SICH risk (1 vs. 5%, p = 0.182). After multivariable adjustment, body weight >100 kg was strongly associated with mortality (p = 0.007) and poor outcome (p = 0.007).

Our data do not suggest a reduced likehood of favorable outcomes in patients weighing >100 kg treated with the current dose regimen. The association of body weight >100 kg with mortality and poor outcome, however, demands further large-scale studies to replicate our findings and to explore the underlying mechanisms.


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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Neurology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Deposited On:07 Jan 2012 22:24
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 15:06
Additional Information:© 2012 S. Karger AG
Publisher DOI:10.1159/000328813
PubMed ID:21822011

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