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Karlo, C; Gnannt, R; Frauenfelder, T; Leschka, S; Brüesch, M; Wanner, G A; Alkadhi, H (2011). Whole-body CT in polytrauma patients: effect of arm positioning on thoracic and abdominal image quality. Emergency Radiology, 18(4):285-293.

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Abstract

The purpose of this study is to assess the influence of different arm positioning techniques on thoracic and abdominal image quality and radiation dose of whole-body trauma CT (wbCT). One hundred and fifty polytrauma patients (104 male, mean age 47 ± 19) underwent wbCT with arms elevated above the head (group A, n=50), alongside the abdomen (group B, n=50), and on a pillow ventrally to the chest with both arms flexed (group C, n=50). Two blinded, independent observers measured image noise and rated image quality (scores 1-3) of the liver, aorta, spleen, spine, and lower lungs. Radiation dose parameters were noted, and the abdomens' anterior-posterior diameter and scan lengths were measured. Interreader agreements for image noise (r=0.86; p<0.001) and subjective image quality (k=0.71-0.84) were good. Noise was lower (p<0.05), image quality of the liver, aorta, spleen, and spine was higher, and radiation dose lower in group A than in groups B and C (p<0.001, each). Image quality of the spleen, liver, and aorta were higher in group C than in group B (p<0.05, each). No significant differences in scan length (p=0.61) were found among groups. Abdominal anterior-posterior diameter correlated significantly with noise (r=0.82; p<0.01) and dose (r=0.47; p<0.001). Estimated effective radiation doses were significantly (p<0.001) higher in groups B (21.2 mSv) and C (21.9 mSv) as compared to A (16.1 mSv). In wbCT for polytrauma patients, positioning of the arms above the head results in better image quality and lower radiation dose. Placing the flexed arms on a large pillow ventrally to the chest significantly improves image quality as compared to positioning alongside the abdomen.

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Anesthesiology
DDC:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2011
Deposited On:18 Nov 2011 13:41
Last Modified:23 Nov 2012 17:12
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:1070-3004
Publisher DOI:10.1007/s10140-011-0948-5
PubMed ID:21472460
Citations:Google Scholar™

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