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Retinal degeneration modulates intracellular localization of CDC42 in photoreceptors


Heynen, S R; Tanimoto, N; Joly, S; Seeliger, M W; Samardzija, M; Grimm, C (2011). Retinal degeneration modulates intracellular localization of CDC42 in photoreceptors. Molecular Vision, 17:2934-2946.

Abstract

Purpose: Rho GTPases such as RAS-related C3 botulinum substrate 1 (RAC1) and cell division cycle 42 homolog (S. cerevisiae; CDC42) have been linked to cellular processes including movement, development, and apoptosis. Recently, RAC1 has been shown to be a pro-apoptotic factor in the retina during light-induced photoreceptor degeneration. Here, we analyzed the role of CDC42 in the degenerating retina.

Methods: Photoreceptor degeneration was studied in a mouse model for autosomal dominant retinitis pigmentosa (VPP) with or without a rod-specific knockdown of Cdc42, as well as in wild-type and Cdc42 knockdown mice after light exposure. Gene and protein expression were analyzed by real-time PCR, western blotting, and immunofluorescence. Retinal morphology and function were assessed by light microscopy and electroretinography, respectively.

Results: CDC42 accumulated in the perinuclear region of terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling–negative photoreceptors during retinal degeneration induced by excessive light exposure and in the rd1, rd10, and VPP mouse models of retinitis pigmentosa. The knockdown of Cdc42 did not affect retinal morphology or function in the adult mice and did not influence photoreceptor apoptosis or molecular signaling during induced and inherited retinal degeneration.

Conclusions: Retinal degeneration induces the accumulation of CDC42 in the perinuclear region of photoreceptors. In contrast to RAC1, however, lack of CDC42 does not affect the progression of degeneration. CDC42 is also dispensable for normal morphology and function of adult rod photoreceptor cells.

Purpose: Rho GTPases such as RAS-related C3 botulinum substrate 1 (RAC1) and cell division cycle 42 homolog (S. cerevisiae; CDC42) have been linked to cellular processes including movement, development, and apoptosis. Recently, RAC1 has been shown to be a pro-apoptotic factor in the retina during light-induced photoreceptor degeneration. Here, we analyzed the role of CDC42 in the degenerating retina.

Methods: Photoreceptor degeneration was studied in a mouse model for autosomal dominant retinitis pigmentosa (VPP) with or without a rod-specific knockdown of Cdc42, as well as in wild-type and Cdc42 knockdown mice after light exposure. Gene and protein expression were analyzed by real-time PCR, western blotting, and immunofluorescence. Retinal morphology and function were assessed by light microscopy and electroretinography, respectively.

Results: CDC42 accumulated in the perinuclear region of terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling–negative photoreceptors during retinal degeneration induced by excessive light exposure and in the rd1, rd10, and VPP mouse models of retinitis pigmentosa. The knockdown of Cdc42 did not affect retinal morphology or function in the adult mice and did not influence photoreceptor apoptosis or molecular signaling during induced and inherited retinal degeneration.

Conclusions: Retinal degeneration induces the accumulation of CDC42 in the perinuclear region of photoreceptors. In contrast to RAC1, however, lack of CDC42 does not affect the progression of degeneration. CDC42 is also dispensable for normal morphology and function of adult rod photoreceptor cells.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Ophthalmology Clinic
04 Faculty of Medicine > Neuroscience Center Zurich
04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Integrative Human Physiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2011
Deposited On:25 Nov 2011 11:34
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 15:07
Publisher:Molecular Vision
ISSN:1090-0535
Free access at:Official URL. An embargo period may apply.
Official URL:http://www.molvis.org/molvis/v17/a317/
PubMed ID:22128240
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-51303

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