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The effect of gender and spatial abilities on map use preferences and performance in road selection tasks


Wilkening, J; Fabrikant, Sara I (2011). The effect of gender and spatial abilities on map use preferences and performance in road selection tasks. In: 25th International Cartographic Conference, Paris, FR, 3 July 2011 - 8 July 2011.

Abstract

In this study, we investigate the effect of individual and group differences on the efficiency and effectiveness of map-based decision making under varying map use contexts. Specifically, we examine potential interrelationships between spatial ability (individual difference) and gender (group difference) for a map-based road selection task under varying time pressure scenarios. We first report on the results of an experiment involving human map display and map interaction tool preferences, based on people’s background differences. This is followed by results from a second experiment where we assessed participants’ response accuracy and confidence for the same map use context and tasks. We indeed find significant relationships between user background, map type, and inference making tasks. We also replicate the known phenomenon of male over-confidence in spatial decision-making, specifically for a road selection task under severe time pressure. Our results also demonstrate that commonly used classification and aggregation methods to study participant backgrounds can influence the outcomes of empirical map use studies and their respective interpretations.

In this study, we investigate the effect of individual and group differences on the efficiency and effectiveness of map-based decision making under varying map use contexts. Specifically, we examine potential interrelationships between spatial ability (individual difference) and gender (group difference) for a map-based road selection task under varying time pressure scenarios. We first report on the results of an experiment involving human map display and map interaction tool preferences, based on people’s background differences. This is followed by results from a second experiment where we assessed participants’ response accuracy and confidence for the same map use context and tasks. We indeed find significant relationships between user background, map type, and inference making tasks. We also replicate the known phenomenon of male over-confidence in spatial decision-making, specifically for a road selection task under severe time pressure. Our results also demonstrate that commonly used classification and aggregation methods to study participant backgrounds can influence the outcomes of empirical map use studies and their respective interpretations.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper), refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography
Dewey Decimal Classification:910 Geography & travel
Language:English
Event End Date:8 July 2011
Deposited On:29 Nov 2011 13:48
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 15:07
Publisher:International Cartographic Association
ISBN:978-1-907075-05-6
Additional Information:Proceedings of the 25th International Cartographic Conference
Official URL:http://icaci.org/documents/ICC_proceedings/ICC2011/Oral%20Presentations%20PDF/C2-Mapping%20network%20and%20route/CO-232.pdf
Related URLs:http://www.icc2011.fr/
Permanent URL: https://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-51316

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