UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Relevance of periostin splice variants in renal cell carcinoma


Morra, L; Rechsteiner, M; Casagrande, S; Duc Luu, V; Santimaria, R; Diener, P A; Sulser, T; Kristiansen, G; Schraml, P; Moch, H; Soltermann, A (2011). Relevance of periostin splice variants in renal cell carcinoma. American Journal of Pathology, 179(3):1513-1521.

Abstract

The extracellular matrix N-glycoprotein periostin is thought to enhance tumor invasion. In this study, the expression patterns of periostin and its splice isoforms were investigated in renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Periostin mRNA expression patterns were characterized in 30 fresh-frozen RCCs in normal fetal and adult renal tissues by both isoform-specific and nonspecific RT-PCR and by gene expression array analysis. Its protein expression was analyzed by immunohistochemistry, using tissue microarrays with tissue from 1007 RCC patients. Periostin mRNA in RCC was increased, as observed in both RT-PCR and gene microarray analyses, with significantly higher expression in the clear cell than in the papillary subtype. Four of eight periostin isoforms, identified in fetal kidney by direct sequencing, have not been described to date. Three isoforms could be detected in both RCC and matched non-neoplastic tissue, and one of them was expressed more frequently in RCC. Periostin protein was detected in both mesenchymal cells of the tumor stroma and epithelial tumor cells. Greater amounts of periostin in tumor epithelia correlated with the presence of sarcomatoid differentiation, higher tumor stage, lymph node metastases, and poor overall survival in the clear cell subtype. In conclusion, periostin expression in tumor epithelia may contribute to sarcomatoid differentiation and more aggressive behavior of RCC. The presence of a tumor-associated periostin isoform suggests splice-specific regulation in RCC tissue.

The extracellular matrix N-glycoprotein periostin is thought to enhance tumor invasion. In this study, the expression patterns of periostin and its splice isoforms were investigated in renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Periostin mRNA expression patterns were characterized in 30 fresh-frozen RCCs in normal fetal and adult renal tissues by both isoform-specific and nonspecific RT-PCR and by gene expression array analysis. Its protein expression was analyzed by immunohistochemistry, using tissue microarrays with tissue from 1007 RCC patients. Periostin mRNA in RCC was increased, as observed in both RT-PCR and gene microarray analyses, with significantly higher expression in the clear cell than in the papillary subtype. Four of eight periostin isoforms, identified in fetal kidney by direct sequencing, have not been described to date. Three isoforms could be detected in both RCC and matched non-neoplastic tissue, and one of them was expressed more frequently in RCC. Periostin protein was detected in both mesenchymal cells of the tumor stroma and epithelial tumor cells. Greater amounts of periostin in tumor epithelia correlated with the presence of sarcomatoid differentiation, higher tumor stage, lymph node metastases, and poor overall survival in the clear cell subtype. In conclusion, periostin expression in tumor epithelia may contribute to sarcomatoid differentiation and more aggressive behavior of RCC. The presence of a tumor-associated periostin isoform suggests splice-specific regulation in RCC tissue.

Citations

16 citations in Web of Science®
15 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

2 downloads since deposited on 28 Nov 2011
0 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Surgical Pathology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Urological Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2011
Deposited On:28 Nov 2011 15:59
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 15:07
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0002-9440
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajpath.2011.05.035
PubMed ID:21763681
Permanent URL: https://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-51331

Download

[img]
Content: Published Version
Filetype: PDF - Registered users only
Size: 964kB
View at publisher

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations