Permanent URL to this publication: http://dx.doi.org/10.5167/uzh-51940
Brown, Martin; Falk, Armin; Fehr, Ernst (2002). Contractual Incompleteness and the Nature of Market Interactions. Working paper series / Institute for Empirical Research in Economics No. 38, University of Zurich.
"We provide experimental evidence that contractual incompleteness, i.e., the absence of third party enforcement of workers’ effort or the quality of the good traded, causes a fundamental change in the nature of market interactions. If contracts are complete the vast majority of trades are initiated by public offers. Most trades take place in one-shot transactions and the contracting parties are indifferent with regard to the identity of their trading partner. Moreover, the short side of the market attempts to appropriate the whole gains from trade, which causes much disagreement about contract terms.nIf contracts are incomplete the vast majority of trades are initiated by private offers. The contracting parties form long-term relations and the provision of low effort or bad quality is penalized by the termination of the relationship. The threat of terminating the relation turns out to be an extremely powerful discipline device. "
|Item Type:||Working Paper|
|Communities & Collections:||03 Faculty of Economics > Department of Economics|
Working Paper Series > Institute for Empirical Research in Economics (former)
|Deposited On:||29 Nov 2011 22:26|
|Last Modified:||09 Jul 2012 07:01|
|Series Name:||Working paper series / Institute for Empirical Research in Economics|
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