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One-year follow-up of patients undergoing elective cardiac surgery assessed with the Comprehensive Assessment of Frailty test and its simplified form


Sündermann, S; Dademasch, A; Rastan, A; Praetorius, J; Rodriguez, H; Walther, T; Mohr, F W; Falk, V (2011). One-year follow-up of patients undergoing elective cardiac surgery assessed with the Comprehensive Assessment of Frailty test and its simplified form. Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery, 13(2):119-123.

Abstract

Assessment of perioperative risk of elderly patients in cardiac surgery is demanding. Most of the commonly used cardiac surgery risk scores over-or underestimate individual risk. Therefore, we recently developed a 'frailty score', the comprehensive assessment of frailty (CAF) score that showed a good prediction of 30-day mortality. The aim of the study was to evaluate the ability of the new score predicting one-year outcome. CAF was preoperatively applied to 400 patients ≥ 74 years that were admitted to cardiac surgery between September 2008 and January 2010. For 213 of these patients one-year follow-up was assessed by telephone interview until April 2010. One hundred and ten male and 103 female patients were included. Twenty-five percent underwent isolated coronary revascularization, 35% isolated valve procedures and 26% underwent combined procedures. One-year mortality was 12.2%. Patients who died within one year had a median frailty score of 16 [5;33] compared to 11 [3;33] to the one-year survivors (P=0.001). A new, easily applicable score ('Frailty predicts death One yeaR after Elective Cardiac Surgery Test') was built out of the basic score and showed a promising ability to predict one-year mortality. CAF is a new additional tool to assess prognosis of elderly patients before cardiac surgical interventions. The 'CAF' score facilitates prediction of mid-term outcome of high-risk elderly patients.

Abstract

Assessment of perioperative risk of elderly patients in cardiac surgery is demanding. Most of the commonly used cardiac surgery risk scores over-or underestimate individual risk. Therefore, we recently developed a 'frailty score', the comprehensive assessment of frailty (CAF) score that showed a good prediction of 30-day mortality. The aim of the study was to evaluate the ability of the new score predicting one-year outcome. CAF was preoperatively applied to 400 patients ≥ 74 years that were admitted to cardiac surgery between September 2008 and January 2010. For 213 of these patients one-year follow-up was assessed by telephone interview until April 2010. One hundred and ten male and 103 female patients were included. Twenty-five percent underwent isolated coronary revascularization, 35% isolated valve procedures and 26% underwent combined procedures. One-year mortality was 12.2%. Patients who died within one year had a median frailty score of 16 [5;33] compared to 11 [3;33] to the one-year survivors (P=0.001). A new, easily applicable score ('Frailty predicts death One yeaR after Elective Cardiac Surgery Test') was built out of the basic score and showed a promising ability to predict one-year mortality. CAF is a new additional tool to assess prognosis of elderly patients before cardiac surgical interventions. The 'CAF' score facilitates prediction of mid-term outcome of high-risk elderly patients.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Cardiovascular Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2011
Deposited On:08 Dec 2011 10:07
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 15:12
Publisher:European Association of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
ISSN:1569-9285
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1510/icvts.2010.251884
PubMed ID:21378017

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