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A large-scale forest fragmentation experiment: the stability of altered forest ecosystems project


Ewers, R M; Didham, R K; Fahrig, L; Ferraz, G; Hector, A; Holt, R D; Kapos, V; Reynolds, G; Sinun, W; Snaddon, J L; Turner, E C (2011). A large-scale forest fragmentation experiment: the stability of altered forest ecosystems project. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 366(1582):3292-3302.

Abstract

Opportunities to conduct large-scale field experiments are rare, but provide a unique opportunity to reveal the complex processes that operate within natural ecosystems. Here, we review the design of existing, large-scale forest fragmentation experiments. Based on this review, we develop a design for the Stability of Altered Forest Ecosystems (SAFE) Project, a new forest fragmentation experiment to be located in the lowland tropical forests of Borneo (Sabah, Malaysia). The SAFE Project represents an advance on existing experiments in that it: (i) allows discrimination of the effects of landscape-level forest cover from patch-level processes; (ii) is designed to facilitate the unification of a wide range of data types on ecological patterns and processes that operate over a wide range of spatial scales; (iii) has greater replication than existing experiments; (iv) incorporates an experimental manipulation of riparian corridors; and (v) embeds the experimentally fragmented landscape within a wider gradient of land-use intensity than do existing projects. The SAFE Project represents an opportunity for ecol- ogists across disciplines to participate in a large initiative designed to generate a broad understanding of the ecological impacts of tropical forest modification.

Opportunities to conduct large-scale field experiments are rare, but provide a unique opportunity to reveal the complex processes that operate within natural ecosystems. Here, we review the design of existing, large-scale forest fragmentation experiments. Based on this review, we develop a design for the Stability of Altered Forest Ecosystems (SAFE) Project, a new forest fragmentation experiment to be located in the lowland tropical forests of Borneo (Sabah, Malaysia). The SAFE Project represents an advance on existing experiments in that it: (i) allows discrimination of the effects of landscape-level forest cover from patch-level processes; (ii) is designed to facilitate the unification of a wide range of data types on ecological patterns and processes that operate over a wide range of spatial scales; (iii) has greater replication than existing experiments; (iv) incorporates an experimental manipulation of riparian corridors; and (v) embeds the experimentally fragmented landscape within a wider gradient of land-use intensity than do existing projects. The SAFE Project represents an opportunity for ecol- ogists across disciplines to participate in a large initiative designed to generate a broad understanding of the ecological impacts of tropical forest modification.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Evolutionary Biology and Environmental Studies
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
590 Animals (Zoology)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Biological Dynamics of Forest Fragments Project; Calling Lake Fragmentation Experiment; deforestation; hierarchical sampling design; Savannah River Site Corridor Experiment; Wog Wog Habitat Fragmentation Experiment
Language:English
Date:2011
Deposited On:12 Dec 2011 12:26
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 15:13
Publisher:Royal Society Publishing
ISSN:0962-8436
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2011.0049
PubMed ID:22006969
Permanent URL: https://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-52549

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