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Overexpression of TFAP2C in invasive breast cancer correlates with a poorer response to anti-hormone therapy and reduced patient survival


Gee, J M W; Eloranta, J J; Ibbitt, J C; Robertson, J F R; Ellis, I O; Williams, T; Nicholson, R I; Hurst, H C (2009). Overexpression of TFAP2C in invasive breast cancer correlates with a poorer response to anti-hormone therapy and reduced patient survival. Journal of Pathology, 217(1):32-41.

Abstract

The AP-2gamma transcription factor encoded by the TFAP2C gene is a member of a family of homologous DNA binding proteins that play essential roles during vertebrate embryogenesis but show a restricted pattern of expression in the adult. Elevated expression of the AP-2alpha and AP-2gamma family members has been associated with a number of neoplasms, particularly breast cancer. Here we present an exploratory immunohistochemical study of an archival primary breast tumour series (n = 75) with parallel clinicopathological data using a new, well-characterized antibody to AP-2gamma. Heterogeneous, exclusively nuclear expression of AP-2gamma was found in the epithelial and myoepithelial compartments of normal breast and within tumour epithelial cells. In the breast cancer series, the most notable association was a correlation between elevated levels of AP-2gamma and shortened patient survival (p = 0.0009*). This relationship was also conserved in ER-positive and ErbB2-negative patients; sub-groups generally considered to have a relatively good prognosis. When patient data for survival and duration of treatment response on anti-hormone therapy were examined by multivariate analysis, AP-2gamma was revealed in this study to be an independent predictor of outcome for both survival (p = 0.005) and response to anti-hormone therapy (p = 0.046). Studies using in vitro models confirmed that while tamoxifen response is associated with lower levels of AP-2gamma, acquisition of resistance to this and other anti-hormone measures (eg faslodex or oestrogen deprivation) is associated with high levels of nuclear AP-2gamma. Together these data suggest that elevated tumour AP-2gamma expression can contribute to the failure of cells to growth arrest following anti-hormone treatment and lead to sustained growth and poorer patient outcome.

Abstract

The AP-2gamma transcription factor encoded by the TFAP2C gene is a member of a family of homologous DNA binding proteins that play essential roles during vertebrate embryogenesis but show a restricted pattern of expression in the adult. Elevated expression of the AP-2alpha and AP-2gamma family members has been associated with a number of neoplasms, particularly breast cancer. Here we present an exploratory immunohistochemical study of an archival primary breast tumour series (n = 75) with parallel clinicopathological data using a new, well-characterized antibody to AP-2gamma. Heterogeneous, exclusively nuclear expression of AP-2gamma was found in the epithelial and myoepithelial compartments of normal breast and within tumour epithelial cells. In the breast cancer series, the most notable association was a correlation between elevated levels of AP-2gamma and shortened patient survival (p = 0.0009*). This relationship was also conserved in ER-positive and ErbB2-negative patients; sub-groups generally considered to have a relatively good prognosis. When patient data for survival and duration of treatment response on anti-hormone therapy were examined by multivariate analysis, AP-2gamma was revealed in this study to be an independent predictor of outcome for both survival (p = 0.005) and response to anti-hormone therapy (p = 0.046). Studies using in vitro models confirmed that while tamoxifen response is associated with lower levels of AP-2gamma, acquisition of resistance to this and other anti-hormone measures (eg faslodex or oestrogen deprivation) is associated with high levels of nuclear AP-2gamma. Together these data suggest that elevated tumour AP-2gamma expression can contribute to the failure of cells to growth arrest following anti-hormone treatment and lead to sustained growth and poorer patient outcome.

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31 citations in Web of Science®
30 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:January 2009
Deposited On:11 Nov 2008 08:05
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:33
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:0022-3417
Additional Information:The attached file is a preprint (accepted version) of an article published in The Journal of Pathology, 217(1):32-41.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/path.2430
PubMed ID:18825690

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