Permanent URL to this publication: http://dx.doi.org/10.5167/uzh-52716
Sturm, V; Kraft, S P; Landau, K (2011). Horizontal and vertical angle kappa. Klinische Monatsblätter für Augenheilkunde, 228(4):322-325.
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Background: The aim of this study is to report the geometric range of angle kappa formation in patients with and without strabismus. Patients and Methods: This is a retrospective study of three patients with angle kappa in different planes. Routine eye examinations, including visual acuity, slit-lamp examination, and ophthalmoscopy, were performed. A thorough orthoptic examination revealed a notable difference between the prism and alternate-cover test and the Hirschberg measurements. Results: The first patient exhibited a bilateral vertical angle kappa into opposite directions due to retinochoroidal scars. Two other patients presented with horizontal angle kappa deviations. In one patient a true accommodative esotropia was exaggerated by a right negative angle kappa. The other patient had a pseudoexotropia due to bilateral positive angle kappa. Macular ectopia was noted in all cases. Conclusions: The patients herein reported demonstrate a marked variability of angle kappa occurrence in the horizontal and vertical plane. The angle kappa can exaggerate or conceal the size of the true heterotropia.
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|Other titles:||Winkel Kappa in horizontaler und vertikaler Ebene|
|Item Type:||Journal Article, refereed, original work|
|Communities & Collections:||04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Ophthalmology Clinic|
|DDC:||610 Medicine & health|
|Deposited On:||07 Dec 2011 08:46|
|Last Modified:||28 Nov 2012 15:48|
|Publisher DOI:||10.1055/ s-0031-1273212|
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