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Depletion of calcium from the lumen of endoplasmic reticulum reversibly inhibits passive diffusion and signal-mediated transport into the nucleus.


Greber, U F; Gerace, L (1995). Depletion of calcium from the lumen of endoplasmic reticulum reversibly inhibits passive diffusion and signal-mediated transport into the nucleus. Journal of Cell Biology, 128(1):5-14.

Abstract

Nuclear pore complexes provide channels for molecular transport across the nuclear envelope. Translocation of most proteins and RNAs through the pore complex is mediated by signal- and ATP-dependent mechanisms, while transport of small molecules is accomplished by passive diffusion. We report here that depletion of calcium from the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum and nuclear envelope with ionophores or the calcium pump inhibitor thapsigargin rapidly and potently inhibits signal mediated transport of proteins into the nucleus. Lumenal calcium depletion also inhibits passive diffusion through the pore complex. Signal-mediated protein import and passive diffusion are rapidly restored when the drugs depleting lumenal calcium are removed and cells are incubated at 37 degrees C in calcium-containing medium. These results indicate that loss of calcium from the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum and nuclear envelope reversibly affects properties of pore complex components located on the nuclear/cytoplasmic membrane surfaces, and they provide direct functional evidence for conformational flexibility of the pore complex. These methods will be useful for achieving reversible inhibition of nucleocytoplasmic trafficking for in vivo functional studies, and for studying the structure of the passive diffusion channel(s) of the pore complex.

Nuclear pore complexes provide channels for molecular transport across the nuclear envelope. Translocation of most proteins and RNAs through the pore complex is mediated by signal- and ATP-dependent mechanisms, while transport of small molecules is accomplished by passive diffusion. We report here that depletion of calcium from the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum and nuclear envelope with ionophores or the calcium pump inhibitor thapsigargin rapidly and potently inhibits signal mediated transport of proteins into the nucleus. Lumenal calcium depletion also inhibits passive diffusion through the pore complex. Signal-mediated protein import and passive diffusion are rapidly restored when the drugs depleting lumenal calcium are removed and cells are incubated at 37 degrees C in calcium-containing medium. These results indicate that loss of calcium from the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum and nuclear envelope reversibly affects properties of pore complex components located on the nuclear/cytoplasmic membrane surfaces, and they provide direct functional evidence for conformational flexibility of the pore complex. These methods will be useful for achieving reversible inhibition of nucleocytoplasmic trafficking for in vivo functional studies, and for studying the structure of the passive diffusion channel(s) of the pore complex.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Molecular Life Sciences
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:1 January 1995
Deposited On:11 Feb 2008 12:15
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:14
Publisher:Rockefeller University Press
ISSN:0021-9525
Publisher DOI:10.1083/jcb.128.1.5
Related URLs:http://www.jcb.org/cgi/content/abstract/128/1/5
PubMed ID:7822421
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-532

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