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Haemoglobin, oxygen carriers and perioperative organ perfusion


Kocian, R; Spahn, D R (2008). Haemoglobin, oxygen carriers and perioperative organ perfusion. Best Practice & Research: Clinical Anaesthesiology, 22(1):63-80.

Abstract

Under normal conditions, only 20-30% of the delivered oxygen is metabolised. In normovolaemic anaemia, the organism reacts with increases in cardiac output and oxygen extraction. Once these mechanisms are exceeded, allogeneic blood transfusions may be administered. However, such transfusions are associated with serious adverse effects and alternatives such as artificial oxygen carriers are being sought. The main groups of artificial oxygen carriers are extracellular haemoglobin solutions and perfluorocarbons. Preparations undergoing experimental and clinical assessment include Human Polymerized Haemoglobin (Polyheme), Polymerized Bovine Haemoglobin-based Oxygen Carrier (HBOC-201, Hemopure), Haemoglobin Raffimer (HemoLink), Diaspirin Cross-linked Haemoglobin (HemAssist), Human Recombinant Haemoglobin (rHb), Enzyme Cross-linked Poly-haemoglobin, Maleimide-activated Polyethylene-glycol Modified Haemoglobin (MP4, Hemospan), Zero-linked Haemoglobin (ZL-HbBv) and Recombinant Hybrid of Human-alpha-chains and Bovine-beta-chains and Perflubron (Oxygent). Research into some of these compounds has been discontinued, while others have advanced into clinical phase III trials, but none has achieved market approval for Europe, US or Canada so far.

Under normal conditions, only 20-30% of the delivered oxygen is metabolised. In normovolaemic anaemia, the organism reacts with increases in cardiac output and oxygen extraction. Once these mechanisms are exceeded, allogeneic blood transfusions may be administered. However, such transfusions are associated with serious adverse effects and alternatives such as artificial oxygen carriers are being sought. The main groups of artificial oxygen carriers are extracellular haemoglobin solutions and perfluorocarbons. Preparations undergoing experimental and clinical assessment include Human Polymerized Haemoglobin (Polyheme), Polymerized Bovine Haemoglobin-based Oxygen Carrier (HBOC-201, Hemopure), Haemoglobin Raffimer (HemoLink), Diaspirin Cross-linked Haemoglobin (HemAssist), Human Recombinant Haemoglobin (rHb), Enzyme Cross-linked Poly-haemoglobin, Maleimide-activated Polyethylene-glycol Modified Haemoglobin (MP4, Hemospan), Zero-linked Haemoglobin (ZL-HbBv) and Recombinant Hybrid of Human-alpha-chains and Bovine-beta-chains and Perflubron (Oxygent). Research into some of these compounds has been discontinued, while others have advanced into clinical phase III trials, but none has achieved market approval for Europe, US or Canada so far.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Anesthesiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2008
Deposited On:04 Dec 2008 08:36
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:33
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1753-3740
Publisher DOI:10.1016/j.bpa.2007.10.003
PubMed ID:18494389
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-5349

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