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Permanent URL to this publication: http://dx.doi.org/10.5167/uzh-53572

Rohner, Dominic; Thoenig, Mathias; Zilibotti, Fabrizio (2011). Seeds of Distrust: Conflict in Uganda. Working paper series / Department of Economics No. 54, University of Zurich.

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Abstract

We study the effect of civil conflict on social capital, focusing on the experience of Uganda during the last decade. Using individual and county-level data, we document causal effects on trust and ethnic identity of an exogenous outburst of ethnic conflicts in 2002-04. We exploit two waves of survey data from Afrobarometer 2000 and 2008, including information on socioeconomic characteristics at the individual level, and geo-referenced measures of fighting events from ACLED. Our identification strategy exploits variations in the intensity of fighting both in the spatial and cross-ethnic dimensions. We find that more intense fighting decreases generalized trust and increases ethnic identity. The effects are quantitatively large and robust to a number of control variables, alternative measures of violence, and different statistical techniques involving ethnic and county fixed effects and instrumental variables. We also document that the post-war effects of ethnic violence depend on the ethnic fractionalization. Fighting has a negative effect on the economic situation in highly fractionalized counties, but has no effect in less fractionalized counties. Our findings are consistent with the existence of a self-reinforcing process between conflicts and ethnic cleavages.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Working Paper
Communities & Collections:03 Faculty of Economics > Department of Economics
Working Paper Series > Department of Economics
DDC:330 Economics
JEL Classification:D74, O12, Z1
Uncontrolled Keywords:Conflict, Trust, Ethnic Fighting, Uganda, Social Capital, Identity
Language:English
Date:December 2011
Deposited On:20 Dec 2011 16:09
Last Modified:20 Oct 2012 11:42
Series Name:Working paper series / Department of Economics
Number of Pages:47
ISSN:1664-7041 (P) 1664-705X (E)
Official URL:http://www.econ.uzh.ch/static/wp/econwp054.pdf
Related URLs:http://www.econ.uzh.ch/static/workingpapers.php

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