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Heterosis and outbreeding depression in descendants of natural immigrants to an inbred population of song sparrows (Melospiza melodia)


Marr, A B; Keller, L F; Arcese, P (2002). Heterosis and outbreeding depression in descendants of natural immigrants to an inbred population of song sparrows (Melospiza melodia). Evolution, 56(1):131-142.

Abstract

We studied heterosis and outbreeding depression among immigrants and their descendants in a population of song sparrows on Mandarte Island. Canada. Using data spanning 19 generations, we compared survival. seasonal reproductive success. and lifetime reproductive success of immigrants. natives (birds with resident-hatched parents and grandparents), and their offspring F(1)s, birds with an immigrant and a native parent. and F(2)s. birds with an immigrant grandparent and resident-hatched grandparent in each of their maternal and paternal lines). Lifetime reproductive success of immigrants was no worse than that of natives. but other measures of performance differed in several ways. Immigrant females laid later and showed a tendency to lay fewer clutches, but had relatively high success raising offspring per egg produced. The few immigrant males survived well but were less likely to breed than native males of the same age that were alive in the same year. Female F(1)s laid earlier than expected based on the average for immigrant and native females, and adult male F(1)s were more likely to breed than expected based on the average for immigrant and native males. The performance differences between immigrant and native females and between F(1)s and the average of immigrants and natives are consistent with the hypothesis that immigrant,,, were disadvantaged by a lack of site experience and that immigrant offspring benefited from heterosis, However, we could not exclude the possibility that immigrants had a different strategy for optimizing reproductive success or that they experienced ecological compensation for life-history parameters. For example, the offspring of immigrants may have survived well because immigrants laid later and produced fewer clutches, thereby raising offspring during a period of milder climatic conditions. Although sample sizes were small, we found large performance differences between F(1)s and F(2)s, which suggested that either heterosis was associated with epistasis in F(1)s. that F(2)s experienced outbreeding depression, or that both phenomena occurred. These findings indicate that the performance of dispersers may be affected more by fine-scale genetic differentiation than previously assumed in this and comparable systems.

We studied heterosis and outbreeding depression among immigrants and their descendants in a population of song sparrows on Mandarte Island. Canada. Using data spanning 19 generations, we compared survival. seasonal reproductive success. and lifetime reproductive success of immigrants. natives (birds with resident-hatched parents and grandparents), and their offspring F(1)s, birds with an immigrant and a native parent. and F(2)s. birds with an immigrant grandparent and resident-hatched grandparent in each of their maternal and paternal lines). Lifetime reproductive success of immigrants was no worse than that of natives. but other measures of performance differed in several ways. Immigrant females laid later and showed a tendency to lay fewer clutches, but had relatively high success raising offspring per egg produced. The few immigrant males survived well but were less likely to breed than native males of the same age that were alive in the same year. Female F(1)s laid earlier than expected based on the average for immigrant and native females, and adult male F(1)s were more likely to breed than expected based on the average for immigrant and native males. The performance differences between immigrant and native females and between F(1)s and the average of immigrants and natives are consistent with the hypothesis that immigrant,,, were disadvantaged by a lack of site experience and that immigrant offspring benefited from heterosis, However, we could not exclude the possibility that immigrants had a different strategy for optimizing reproductive success or that they experienced ecological compensation for life-history parameters. For example, the offspring of immigrants may have survived well because immigrants laid later and produced fewer clutches, thereby raising offspring during a period of milder climatic conditions. Although sample sizes were small, we found large performance differences between F(1)s and F(2)s, which suggested that either heterosis was associated with epistasis in F(1)s. that F(2)s experienced outbreeding depression, or that both phenomena occurred. These findings indicate that the performance of dispersers may be affected more by fine-scale genetic differentiation than previously assumed in this and comparable systems.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Evolutionary Biology and Environmental Studies
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
590 Animals (Zoology)
Language:English
Date:January 2002
Deposited On:30 Apr 2012 08:25
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 15:17
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:0014-3820
Publisher DOI:10.1111/j.0014-3820.2002.tb00855.x
Other Identification Number:ISI:000174248200012
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-53671

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