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Apolipoprotein A-I but not high-density lipoproteins are internalised by RAW macrophages: roles of ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 and scavenger receptor BI


Lorenzi, I; von Eckardstein, A; Cavelier, C; Radosavljevic, S; Rohrer, L (2008). Apolipoprotein A-I but not high-density lipoproteins are internalised by RAW macrophages: roles of ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 and scavenger receptor BI. Journal of Molecular Medicine, 86(2):171-183.

Abstract

Accumulation of lipid-loaded macrophages (foam cells) within the vessel wall is an early hallmark of atherosclerosis. High-density lipoproteins (HDL) and apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) can efficiently promote cholesterol efflux from macrophages. Therefore, the interaction of HDL and apoA-I with macrophages appears to be important in the initial steps of reverse cholesterol transport, i.e. the transport of excess cholesterol from foam cells to the liver. However, although several cellular apoA-I and HDL receptors and transporters have been identified, it is as yet controversial how these interactions lead to cholesterol efflux from foam cells. In this study, we show that RAW264.7 macrophages bind HDL and apoA-I in a compatible manner. Furthermore, cell surface biotinylation experiments revealed that apoA-I but not HDL is specifically internalised. Binding of HDL to macrophages is decreased by reducing the expression of scavenger receptor BI (SR-BI) with cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP), acetylated low-density lipoprotein (acLDL) or RNA interference. In contrast, apoA-I cell association and internalisation is modulated in parallel with ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) expression which is altered by stimulating cells with cAMP and acLDL or expressing short hairpin RNA (shRNA) against ABCA1. Consistent with this, cell surface trapping of ABCA1 with cyclosporin A (CsA) results in increased apoA-I binding but reduced internalisation. Furthermore, blocking apoA-I uptake inhibits cholesterol efflux to apoA-I but not to HDL. Taken together, these data suggest that apoA-I- but not HDL-mediated cholesterol efflux may involve retroendocytosis.

Accumulation of lipid-loaded macrophages (foam cells) within the vessel wall is an early hallmark of atherosclerosis. High-density lipoproteins (HDL) and apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) can efficiently promote cholesterol efflux from macrophages. Therefore, the interaction of HDL and apoA-I with macrophages appears to be important in the initial steps of reverse cholesterol transport, i.e. the transport of excess cholesterol from foam cells to the liver. However, although several cellular apoA-I and HDL receptors and transporters have been identified, it is as yet controversial how these interactions lead to cholesterol efflux from foam cells. In this study, we show that RAW264.7 macrophages bind HDL and apoA-I in a compatible manner. Furthermore, cell surface biotinylation experiments revealed that apoA-I but not HDL is specifically internalised. Binding of HDL to macrophages is decreased by reducing the expression of scavenger receptor BI (SR-BI) with cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP), acetylated low-density lipoprotein (acLDL) or RNA interference. In contrast, apoA-I cell association and internalisation is modulated in parallel with ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) expression which is altered by stimulating cells with cAMP and acLDL or expressing short hairpin RNA (shRNA) against ABCA1. Consistent with this, cell surface trapping of ABCA1 with cyclosporin A (CsA) results in increased apoA-I binding but reduced internalisation. Furthermore, blocking apoA-I uptake inhibits cholesterol efflux to apoA-I but not to HDL. Taken together, these data suggest that apoA-I- but not HDL-mediated cholesterol efflux may involve retroendocytosis.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Clinical Chemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
540 Chemistry
Language:English
Date:February 2008
Deposited On:19 Nov 2008 17:21
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:33
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0946-2716
Publisher DOI:10.1007/s00109-007-0267-1
PubMed ID:17906976
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-5380

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