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Permanent URL to this publication: http://dx.doi.org/10.5167/uzh-53957

Breunig, A; Gambazzi, F; Beck-Schimmer, B; Tamm, M; Lardinois, D; Oertli, D; Zingg, U (2011). Cytokine & chemokine response in the lungs, pleural fluid and serum in thoracic surgery using one-lung ventilation. Journal of Inflammation (London, England), 8:32.

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BACKGROUND: Thoracic surgery mandates usually a one-lung ventilation (OLV) strategy with the collapse of the operated lung and ventilation of the non-operated lung. These procedures trigger a substantial inflammatory response. The aim of this study was to analyze the cytokine and chemokine reaction in both lungs, pleural space and blood in patients undergoing lung resection with OLV with special interest in the chemokine growth-regulated peptide alpha (GROalpha) which is the human equivalent to the rat cytokine-induced neutrophil chemoattractant-1 (CINC-1). METHODS: Broncho-alveolar lavage (BAL) fluid of both the collapsed, operated and the ventilated, non-operated lung, respectively, pleural space drainage fluid and blood was collected and the concentrations of interleukin (IL)-6, IL-1RA and GROalpha were determined with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays in 15 patients. RESULTS: Substantial inter-individual differences in the BAL fluid between patients in cytokine and chemokine levels occurred. In the pleural fluid and the blood these inter-individual differences were less pronounced. Both sides of the lung were affected and showed a significant increase in IL-6 and IL-1RA concentrations over time but not in GROalpha concentrations. Except for IL-6, which increased more in the collapsed, operated lung, no difference between the collapsed, operated and the ventilated, non-operated lung occurred. In the blood, IL-6 and IL-1RA increased early, already at the end of surgery. GROalpha was not detectable. In the pleural fluid, both cytokine and chemokine concentrations increased by day one. The increase was significantly higher in the pleural fluid compared to the blood. CONCLUSION: The inflammatory response of cytokines affects both the collapsed, operated and the ventilated, non-operated lungs. The difference in extent of response underlines the complexity of the inflammatory processes during OLV. In contrast to the cytokines, the chemokine GROalpha concentrations did not react in the BAL fluid or in the blood. This indicates that GROalpha might not be useful as marker for the inflammatory reaction in complex surgical procedures.




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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Physiology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Physiology

04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Integrative Human Physiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Anesthesiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Deposited On:14 Jan 2012 15:47
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 15:18
Publisher:BioMed Central
Publisher DOI:10.1186/1476-9255-8-32
PubMed ID:22078633

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