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Carboxyl terminus of apolipoprotein A-I (ApoA-I) is necessary for the transport of lipid-free ApoA-I but not prelipidated ApoA-I particles through aortic endothelial cells


Ohnsorg, P M; Rohrer, L; Perisa, D; Kateifides, A; Chroni, A; Kardassis, D; Zannis, V I; von Eckardstein, Arnold (2011). Carboxyl terminus of apolipoprotein A-I (ApoA-I) is necessary for the transport of lipid-free ApoA-I but not prelipidated ApoA-I particles through aortic endothelial cells. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 286(10):7744-7754.

Abstract

High density lipoproteins (HDL) and apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) must leave the circulation and pass the endothelium to exert their atheroprotective actions in the arterial wall. We previously demonstrated that the transendothelial transport of apoA-I involves ATP-binding cassette transporter (ABC) A1 and re-secretion of lipidated particles. Transendothelial transport of HDL is modulated by ABCG1 and the scavenger receptor BI (SR-BI). We hypothesize that apoA-I transport is started by the ABCA1-mediated generation of a lipidated particle which is then transported by ABCA1-independent pathways. To test this hypothesis we analyzed the endothelial binding and transport properties of initially lipid-free as well as prelipidated apoA-I mutants. Lipid-free apoA-I mutants with a defective carboxyl-terminal domain showed an 80% decreased specific binding and 90% decreased specific transport by aortic endothelial cells. After prior cell-free lipidation of the mutants, the resulting HDL-like particles were transported through endothelial cells by an ABCG1- and SR-BI-dependent process. ApoA-I mutants with deletions of either the amino terminus or both the amino and carboxyl termini showed dramatic increases in nonspecific binding but no specific binding or transport. Prior cell-free lipidation did not rescue these anomalies. Our findings of stringent structure-function relationships underline the specificity of transendothelial apoA-I transport and suggest that lipidation of initially lipid-free apoA-I is necessary but not sufficient for specific transendothelial transport. Our data also support the model of a two-step process for the transendothelial transport of apoA-I in which apoA-I is initially lipidated by ABCA1 and then further processed by ABCA1-independent mechanisms.

High density lipoproteins (HDL) and apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) must leave the circulation and pass the endothelium to exert their atheroprotective actions in the arterial wall. We previously demonstrated that the transendothelial transport of apoA-I involves ATP-binding cassette transporter (ABC) A1 and re-secretion of lipidated particles. Transendothelial transport of HDL is modulated by ABCG1 and the scavenger receptor BI (SR-BI). We hypothesize that apoA-I transport is started by the ABCA1-mediated generation of a lipidated particle which is then transported by ABCA1-independent pathways. To test this hypothesis we analyzed the endothelial binding and transport properties of initially lipid-free as well as prelipidated apoA-I mutants. Lipid-free apoA-I mutants with a defective carboxyl-terminal domain showed an 80% decreased specific binding and 90% decreased specific transport by aortic endothelial cells. After prior cell-free lipidation of the mutants, the resulting HDL-like particles were transported through endothelial cells by an ABCG1- and SR-BI-dependent process. ApoA-I mutants with deletions of either the amino terminus or both the amino and carboxyl termini showed dramatic increases in nonspecific binding but no specific binding or transport. Prior cell-free lipidation did not rescue these anomalies. Our findings of stringent structure-function relationships underline the specificity of transendothelial apoA-I transport and suggest that lipidation of initially lipid-free apoA-I is necessary but not sufficient for specific transendothelial transport. Our data also support the model of a two-step process for the transendothelial transport of apoA-I in which apoA-I is initially lipidated by ABCA1 and then further processed by ABCA1-independent mechanisms.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Clinical Chemistry
04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Integrative Human Physiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
540 Chemistry
Language:English
Date:2011
Deposited On:07 Jan 2012 19:27
Last Modified:26 Aug 2016 07:32
Publisher:American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
ISSN:0021-9258
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:10.1074/jbc.M110.193524
PubMed ID:21209084
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-54392

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