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Permanent URL to this publication: http://dx.doi.org/10.5167/uzh-5443

Struckmann, K; Mertz, K; Steu, S; Storz, M; Staller, P; Krek, W; Schraml, P; Moch, H (2008). pVHL co-ordinately regulates CXCR4/CXCL12 and MMP2/MMP9 expression in human clear-cell renal cell carcinoma. Journal of Pathology, 214(4):464-471.

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Loss of pVHL function, characteristic for clear-cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC), causes increased expression of CXCR4 chemokine receptor, which triggers expression of metastasis-associated MMP2/MMP9 in different human cancers. The impact of pVHL on MMP2/MMP9 expression and their relationship to CXCR4 and its ligand CXCL12 in ccRCC is unclear. By using reverse transcription PCR, immunofluorescence and immunohistochemistry, strong mRNA and protein expression of CXCR4, CXCL12, MMP2, MMP9 and MMP inhibitors TIMP1 and TIMP2 was found in VHL-null 786-O ccRCC cells. Loss of CXCR4/CXCL12 expression after restoration of VHL function in these cells was accompanied by a significant reduction of MMP2 and MMP9 expression, whereas neither TIMP1 nor TIMP2 expression was affected. Using real-time PCR analysis, higher MMP2 (p = 0.0134) and MMP9 (p = 0.067) mRNA expression levels were detected in primary ccRCC with strong CXCR4 compared to cases with weak CXCR4 expression. There was no association between CXCR4 and TIMP1 or TIMP2 mRNA expression. MMP2 protein expression data obtained by immunohistochemistry on a tissue microarray uncovered positive cytoplasmic staining in 290/380 (76%) primary ccRCCs. Co-expression of CXCR4 and MMP2 was found in 282 of these tumours (74%). Our in vitro and in vivo data strongly indicate that pVHL coordinately regulates expression of metastasis-associated genes CXCR4/CXCL12 and MMP2/MMP9 but the exact molecular mechanism of this regulation remains to be determined. Co-expression of CXCR4 and CXCL12, as demonstrated in VHL-null 786-O cells, might enable ccRCC progression and metastatic dissemination by autocrine receptor stimulation, even in the absence of exogenous CXCL12.


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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Surgical Pathology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Deposited On:14 Nov 2008 11:52
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:34
Publisher DOI:10.1002/path.2310
PubMed ID:18189328

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