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Influence of extra- and intra-oral application of CPP-ACP and fluoride on re-hardening of eroded enamel


Wegehaupt, F J; Tauböck, T T; Stillhard, A; Schmidlin, P R; Attin, T (2012). Influence of extra- and intra-oral application of CPP-ACP and fluoride on re-hardening of eroded enamel. Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, 70(3):177-183.

Abstract

Abstract Objectives. This in-situ study aimed to investigate the potential of casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) crème and fluoride mouth rinse to re-harden erosively softened enamel and to evaluate the influence of an intra-oral or extra-oral application. Methods. Ten volunteers performed five experimental series. Per series, four bovine enamel samples were extra-orally softened by immersion in Sprite light (2 min) and subsequently worn intra-orally for 5 min in intra-oral appliances. Thereafter, samples were treated (3 min) with either 250 ppm AmF/SnF(2) solution (Meridol) (series 1 and 3) or CPP-ACP crème (Tooth Mousse) (series 2 and 4). Application of the substances was performed extra-orally (series 1 and 2) or intra-orally (series 3 and 4). Untreated specimens served as control (series 5). The appliances were worn for 4 h afterwards. Knoop microhardness (KHN) measurement was performed at baseline, after softening and after completing of the respective run. Data were statistically analyzed by ANOVA and Bonferroni/Dunn post-hoc test. Results. No significant difference in baseline microhardness was observed, while immersion in Sprite light reduced the microhardness significantly. Significant re-hardening after intra-oral exposure occurred in all series, but baseline microhardness was not achieved. Microhardness in series 2 was significantly higher than that in series 1 and 5. No significant differences in KHN were detected between series 3, 4 and 5. The re-hardening ΔKHN (final microhardness - microhardness after erosion) was not significant different in all five series. Conclusion. Intra-oral application of CPP-ACP crème or fluoride solution provides no benefit regarding re-hardening of erosively softened enamel.

Abstract Objectives. This in-situ study aimed to investigate the potential of casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) crème and fluoride mouth rinse to re-harden erosively softened enamel and to evaluate the influence of an intra-oral or extra-oral application. Methods. Ten volunteers performed five experimental series. Per series, four bovine enamel samples were extra-orally softened by immersion in Sprite light (2 min) and subsequently worn intra-orally for 5 min in intra-oral appliances. Thereafter, samples were treated (3 min) with either 250 ppm AmF/SnF(2) solution (Meridol) (series 1 and 3) or CPP-ACP crème (Tooth Mousse) (series 2 and 4). Application of the substances was performed extra-orally (series 1 and 2) or intra-orally (series 3 and 4). Untreated specimens served as control (series 5). The appliances were worn for 4 h afterwards. Knoop microhardness (KHN) measurement was performed at baseline, after softening and after completing of the respective run. Data were statistically analyzed by ANOVA and Bonferroni/Dunn post-hoc test. Results. No significant difference in baseline microhardness was observed, while immersion in Sprite light reduced the microhardness significantly. Significant re-hardening after intra-oral exposure occurred in all series, but baseline microhardness was not achieved. Microhardness in series 2 was significantly higher than that in series 1 and 5. No significant differences in KHN were detected between series 3, 4 and 5. The re-hardening ΔKHN (final microhardness - microhardness after erosion) was not significant different in all five series. Conclusion. Intra-oral application of CPP-ACP crème or fluoride solution provides no benefit regarding re-hardening of erosively softened enamel.

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24 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic for Preventive Dentistry, Periodontology and Cariology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2012
Deposited On:01 Feb 2012 10:02
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 15:21
Publisher:Informa Healthcare
ISSN:0001-6357
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.3109/00016357.2011.600713
PubMed ID:21780974
Permanent URL: https://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-54830

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