Staehelin, C; Keiser, O; Calmy, A; Weber, R; Elzi, L; Cavassini, M; Schmid, P; Bernasconi, E; Furrer, H (2012). Longer term clinical and virological outcome of Sub-Saharan African participants on antiretroviral treatment in the Swiss HIV Cohort Study. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, 59(1):79-85.
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OBJECTIVES: Persons from sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) are increasingly enrolled in the Swiss HIV Cohort Study (SHCS). Cohorts from other European countries showed higher rates of viral failure among their SSA participants. We analyzed long-term outcomes of SSA versus North Western European participants. DESIGN: We analyzed data of the SHCS, a nation-wide prospective cohort study of HIV-infected adults at 7 sites in Switzerland. METHODS: SSA and North Western European participants were included if their first treatment combination consisted of at least 3 antiretroviral drugs (cART), if they had at least 1 follow-up visit, did not report active injecting drug use, and did not start cART with CD4 counts >200 cells per microliter during pregnancy. Early viral response, CD4 cell recovery, viral failure, adherence, discontinuation from SHCS, new AIDS-defining events, and survival were analyzed using linear regression and Cox proportional hazard models. RESULTS: The proportion of participants from SSA within the SHCS increased from 2.6% (<1995) to 20.8% (2005-2009). Of 4656 included participants, 808 (17.4%) were from SSA. Early viral response (6 months) and rate of viral failure in an intent-to-stay-on-cART approach were similar. However, SSA participants had a higher risk of viral failure on cART (adjusted hazard ratio: 2.03, 95% confidence interval: 1.50 to 2.75). Self-reported adherence was inferior for SSA. There was no increase of AIDS-defining events or mortality in SSA participants. CONCLUSIONS: Increased attention must be given to factors negatively influencing adherence to cART in participants from SSA to guarantee equal longer-term results on cART.
|Item Type:||Journal Article, refereed, original work|
|Communities & Collections:||04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Infectious Diseases|
|DDC:||610 Medicine & health|
|Deposited On:||29 Mar 2012 09:04|
|Last Modified:||23 Nov 2012 16:14|
|Publisher:||Lippincott Wiliams & Wilkins|
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