Permanent URL to this publication: http://dx.doi.org/10.5167/uzh-55976
O'Gorman, R L; Michels, L; Edden, R A; Murdoch, J B; Martin, E (2011). In vivo detection of GABA and glutamate with MEGA-PRESS: reproducibility and gender effects. Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging, 33(5):1262-1267.
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To evaluate the reproducibility of γ-amino-butyric acid (GABA) and glutamate concentrations derived using three different spectral fitting methods, and to investigate gender-related differences in neurotransmitter levels.
MATERIALS AND METHODS:
Single voxel MEGA-edited PRESS MR spectra were acquired from a 30-mL voxel in the dorso-lateral prefrontal cortex in 14 adult volunteers (7 female) at 3 Tesla (3T). For each participant, four consecutive resting spectra were acquired within the same scanning session. Metabolite concentrations were derived using LCModel, jMRUI, and locally written peak fitting software. The within-session reproducibility for each analysis method was calculated as the average coefficient of variation (CV) of the GABA and Glx (glutamate+glutamine) concentrations. Gender differences in GABA and Glx were evaluated using a two-tailed unpaired t-test.
LCModel provided the best reproducibility for both GABA (CV 7%) and Glx (CV 6%). GABA, Glx, and glutamate concentrations were significantly higher in the male participants, (P = 0.02, P = 0.001, and P < 0.001, respectively).
GABA and glutamate can be quantified in vivo with high reproducibility (CV 6-7%) using frequency-domain spectral fitting methods like LCModel. However, the GABA and glutamate concentrations vary significantly between men and women, emphasizing the importance of gender-matching for studies investigating differences in neurotransmitter concentrations between mixed-cohort groups.
|Item Type:||Journal Article, refereed, original work|
|Communities & Collections:||04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic|
04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Integrative Human Physiology
|DDC:||570 Life sciences; biology|
610 Medicine & health
|Deposited On:||19 Jan 2012 12:13|
|Last Modified:||01 Dec 2013 02:02|
|Free access at:||PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.|
|Citations:||Web of Science®. Times Cited: 23|
Scopus®. Citation Count: 24
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